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Title: The Weak Charge of the Proton. A Search For Physics Beyond the Standard Model

Abstract

The Q weak experiment, which completed running in May of 2012 at Jefferson Laboratory, has measured the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering at four-momentum transfer Q 2 =0.025 (GeV/c) 2 in order to provide the first direct measurement of the proton's weak charge, Q W p. The Standard Model makes firm predictions for the weak charge; deviations from the predicted value would provide strong evidence of new physics beyond the Standard Model. Using an 89% polarized electron beam at 145 microA scattering from a 34.4 cm long liquid hydrogen target, scattered electrons were detected using an array of eight fused-silica detectors placed symmetric about the beam axis. The parity-violating asymmetry was then measured by reversing the helicity of the incoming electrons and measuring the normalized difference in rate seen in the detectors. The low Q 2 enables a theoretically clean measurement; the higher-order hadronic corrections are constrained using previous parity-violating electron scattering world data. The experimental method will be discussed, with recent results constituting 4% of our total data and projections of our proposed uncertainties on the full data set.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1218491
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-15-2138; DOE/OR/23177-3553
TRN: US1601309
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-06OR23177
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; PROTONS; STANDARD MODEL; ELECTRON-PROTON INTERACTIONS; P INVARIANCE; POLARIZED BEAMS; FOUR MOMENTUM TRANSFER; GEV RANGE 01-10; ASYMMETRY; HELICITY; ELASTIC SCATTERING; WEAK INTERACTIONS; MICRO AMP BEAM CURRENTS; REGRESSION ANALYSIS; CHERENKOV COUNTERS

Citation Formats

MacEwan, Scott J. The Weak Charge of the Proton. A Search For Physics Beyond the Standard Model. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1218491.
MacEwan, Scott J. The Weak Charge of the Proton. A Search For Physics Beyond the Standard Model. United States. doi:10.2172/1218491.
MacEwan, Scott J. Fri . "The Weak Charge of the Proton. A Search For Physics Beyond the Standard Model". United States. doi:10.2172/1218491. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1218491.
@article{osti_1218491,
title = {The Weak Charge of the Proton. A Search For Physics Beyond the Standard Model},
author = {MacEwan, Scott J.},
abstractNote = {The Qweak experiment, which completed running in May of 2012 at Jefferson Laboratory, has measured the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering at four-momentum transfer Q2 =0.025 (GeV/c)2 in order to provide the first direct measurement of the proton's weak charge, QWp. The Standard Model makes firm predictions for the weak charge; deviations from the predicted value would provide strong evidence of new physics beyond the Standard Model. Using an 89% polarized electron beam at 145 microA scattering from a 34.4 cm long liquid hydrogen target, scattered electrons were detected using an array of eight fused-silica detectors placed symmetric about the beam axis. The parity-violating asymmetry was then measured by reversing the helicity of the incoming electrons and measuring the normalized difference in rate seen in the detectors. The low Q2 enables a theoretically clean measurement; the higher-order hadronic corrections are constrained using previous parity-violating electron scattering world data. The experimental method will be discussed, with recent results constituting 4% of our total data and projections of our proposed uncertainties on the full data set.},
doi = {10.2172/1218491},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
Other availability
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