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Title: Hydrogen storage technologies Roadmap

Abstract

Drive the development and demonstration of commercially viable hydrogen storage technologies that meet FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership goals.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
EERE Publication and Product Library, Washington, D.C. (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1216887
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
hydrogen storage; hydrogen; storage; Roadmap

Citation Formats

None, None. Hydrogen storage technologies Roadmap. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.2172/1216887.
None, None. Hydrogen storage technologies Roadmap. United States. doi:10.2172/1216887.
None, None. Tue . "Hydrogen storage technologies Roadmap". United States. doi:10.2172/1216887. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1216887.
@article{osti_1216887,
title = {Hydrogen storage technologies Roadmap},
author = {None, None},
abstractNote = {Drive the development and demonstration of commercially viable hydrogen storage technologies that meet FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership goals.},
doi = {10.2172/1216887},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Nov 01 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Tue Nov 01 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}

Technical Report:

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  • Document describing plan for research into and development of hydrogen storage technology for transportation applications.
  • The mission of the Hydrogen Storage Technical Team is to accelerate research and innovation that will lead to commercially viable hydrogen-storage technologies that meet the U.S. DRIVE Partnership goals.
  • The future use of hydrogen to generate electricity, heat homes and businesses, and fuel vehicles will require the creation of a distribution infrastructure of safe, and cost-effective transport and storage. Present storage methods are too expensive and will not meet the performance requirements of future applications. Transport technologies will need to be developed based on the production and storage systems that come into use as the hydrogen energy economy evolves. Different applications will require the development of different types of storage technologies. Utility electricity generation and home and office use will have storage fixed in one location--stationary storage--and size andmore » weight will be less important than energy efficiency and costs of the system. Fueling a vehicle, however, will require hydrogen storage in an ``on-board`` system--mobile storage--with weight and size similar to the gasoline tank in today`s vehicle. Researchers are working to develop physical and solid-state storage systems that will meet these diverse future application demands. Physical storage systems and solid-state storage methods (metal hydrides, gas-on-solids adsorption, and glass microspheres) are described.« less
  • During Phase 1 of this program, the authors evaluated all known hydrogen storage technologies (including those that are now practiced and those that are development) in the context of fuel cell vehicles. They determined that among the development technologies, carbon sorbents could most benefit from closer scrutiny. During Phase 2 of this program, they tested ten different carbon sorbents at various practical temperatures and pressures, and developed the concept of the usable Capacity Ratio, which is the ratio of the mass of hydrogen that can be released from a carbon-filled tank to the mass of hydrogen that can be releasedmore » from an empty tank. The authors also commissioned the design, fabrication, and NGV2 (Natural Gas Vehicle) testing of an aluminum-lined, carbon-composite, full-wrapped pressure vessel to store hydrogen at 78 K and 3,000 psi. They constructed a facility to pressure cycle the tank at 78 K and to temperature cycle the tank at 3,000 psi, tested one such tank, and submitted it for a burst test. Finally, they devised a means by which cryogenic compressed hydrogen gas tanks can be filled and discharged using standard hardware--that is, without using filters, valves, or pressure regulators that must operate at both low temperature and high pressure. This report describes test methods and test results of carbon sorbents and the design of tanks for cold storage. 7 refs., 91 figs., 10 tabs.« less
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