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Title: New Catalysts for In-Process Elilmination of Tars

Abstract

This project is developing optimized, attrition-resistant catalysts for the reduction or elimination of tars in biomass gasification-derived syngas.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
EERE Publication and Product Library
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B) (Bioenergy Technologies Office Corporate)
OSTI Identifier:
1216401
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
biomass, thermochemical, catalyst, tar, syngas

Citation Formats

None. New Catalysts for In-Process Elilmination of Tars. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
None. New Catalysts for In-Process Elilmination of Tars. United States.
None. Sat . "New Catalysts for In-Process Elilmination of Tars". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1216401.
@article{osti_1216401,
title = {New Catalysts for In-Process Elilmination of Tars},
author = {None},
abstractNote = {This project is developing optimized, attrition-resistant catalysts for the reduction or elimination of tars in biomass gasification-derived syngas.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
  • The key objective of this project was to develop a new and more efficient methodology for engineering and economically producing optimized robust catalysts for the reduction or elimination of tars in biomass gasification. Whereas current catalyst technology typically disposes thin layers of catalytically-active material onto rigid supports via wet chemistry-based methods, this project investigated novel thermal methods for directly incorporating catalytically active materials onto robust supports as well as novel approaches for incorporating catalytically active materials on and/or within an otherwise inert refractory support material which is then subsequently formed and processed to create a catalytically-active material on all exposedmore » surfaces. Specifically, the focus of this engineered catalyst development was on materials which were derived from, or otherwise related to, olivine-like minerals, due to the inherent attrition resistance and moderate catalytic properties exhibited by natural olivine when used in a fluidized bed biomass gasifier. Task 1 of this project successfully demonstrated the direct thermal impregnation of catalytically-active materials onto an olivine substrate, with the production of a Ni-olivine catalyst. Nickel and nickel oxide were thermally impregnated onto an olivine substrate and when reduced were shown to demonstrate improved catalytic activity over the baseline olivine material and equal the tar-decomposing performance of Ni-olivine catalysts prepared by conventional wet impregnation. Task 2 involved coordination with our subcontracted project partners to further develop and characterize catalyst formulations and to optimize activity and production methods. Within this task, several significant new materials were developed. NexTech Materials developed a sintered ceramic nickel-magnesium-silicate catalyst that demonstrated superb catalytic activity and high resistance to deactivation by H2S. Alfred University developed both supported and integrated (bulk) catalysts via a glass-ceramic processing route which were shown to exhibit excellent catalytic activity and superior resistance to attrition deactivation. With the discovery of these active, robust, glass-based catalysts, and with the permission of the project officer, the investigation of waste-based materials as originally proposed for Task 3 and pilot-scale testing proposed in Task 5 were deferred indefinitely in favor of further investigation of the glass-ceramic based catalyst materials. This choice was justified in part because during FY 2006 and through FY 2007, funding restrictions imposed by congressional budget choices significantly reduced funding for DOE biomass-related projects. Funding for this project was limited to what had been authorized which slowed the pace of project work at GTI so that our project partners could continue in their work. Thereafter, project work was allowed to resume and with restored funding, the project continued and concentrated on the development and testing of glass-ceramic catalysts in bulk or supported formats. Work concluded with a final development devoted to increasing the surface area of glass-ceramic catalysts in the form of microspheres. Following that development, project reporting was completed and the project was concluded.« less