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Title: Power Quality Test Report for the U.S. Department of Energy 1.5-Megawatt Wind Turbine

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) acquired and installed a 1.5-megawatt (MW) wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This turbine (hereafter referred to as the DOE 1.5) is envisioned to become an integral part of the research initiatives for the DOE Wind Program, such as Atmosphere to Electrons (A2e). A2e is a multiyear DOE research initiative targeting significant reductions in the cost of wind energy through an improved understanding of the complex physics governing wind flow into and through wind farms. For more information, visit http://energy.gov/eere/wind/atmosphere-electrons. To validate new and existing high-fidelity simulations, A2e must deploy several experimental measurement campaigns across different scales. Proposed experiments include wind tunnel tests, scaled field tests, and large field measurement campaigns at operating wind plants. Data of interest includes long-term atmospheric data sets, wind plant inflow, intra-wind plant flows (e.g., wakes), and rotor loads measurements. It is expected that new, high-fidelity instrumentation will be required to successfully collect data at the resolutions required to validate the high-fidelity simulations.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1215121
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-5000-63686
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; wind turbine; GE; NWTC; cost of energy; testing; power quality test; NREL

Citation Formats

Mendoza, Ismael, Hur, Jerry, and Thao, Syhoune. Power Quality Test Report for the U.S. Department of Energy 1.5-Megawatt Wind Turbine. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1215121.
Mendoza, Ismael, Hur, Jerry, & Thao, Syhoune. Power Quality Test Report for the U.S. Department of Energy 1.5-Megawatt Wind Turbine. United States. doi:10.2172/1215121.
Mendoza, Ismael, Hur, Jerry, and Thao, Syhoune. 2015. "Power Quality Test Report for the U.S. Department of Energy 1.5-Megawatt Wind Turbine". United States. doi:10.2172/1215121. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1215121.
@article{osti_1215121,
title = {Power Quality Test Report for the U.S. Department of Energy 1.5-Megawatt Wind Turbine},
author = {Mendoza, Ismael and Hur, Jerry and Thao, Syhoune},
abstractNote = {The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) acquired and installed a 1.5-megawatt (MW) wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This turbine (hereafter referred to as the DOE 1.5) is envisioned to become an integral part of the research initiatives for the DOE Wind Program, such as Atmosphere to Electrons (A2e). A2e is a multiyear DOE research initiative targeting significant reductions in the cost of wind energy through an improved understanding of the complex physics governing wind flow into and through wind farms. For more information, visit http://energy.gov/eere/wind/atmosphere-electrons. To validate new and existing high-fidelity simulations, A2e must deploy several experimental measurement campaigns across different scales. Proposed experiments include wind tunnel tests, scaled field tests, and large field measurement campaigns at operating wind plants. Data of interest includes long-term atmospheric data sets, wind plant inflow, intra-wind plant flows (e.g., wakes), and rotor loads measurements. It is expected that new, high-fidelity instrumentation will be required to successfully collect data at the resolutions required to validate the high-fidelity simulations.},
doi = {10.2172/1215121},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 8
}

Technical Report:

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  • The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) acquired and installed a 1.5-megawatt (MW) wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This turbine (hereafter referred to as the DOE 1.5) is envisioned to become an integral part of the research initiatives for the DOE Wind Program, such as Atmosphere to Electrons (A2e). A2e is a multiyear DOE research initiative targeting significant reductions in the cost of wind energy through an improved understanding of the complex physics governing wind flow into and through wind farms. For more information, visit http://energy.gov/eere/wind/atmosphere-electrons. To validate new andmore » existing high-fidelity simulations, A2e must deploy several experimental measurement campaigns across different scales. Proposed experiments include wind tunnel tests, scaled field tests, and large field measurement campaigns at operating wind plants. Data of interest includes long-term atmospheric data sets, wind plant inflow, intra-wind plant flows (e.g., wakes), and rotor loads measurements. It is expected that new, high-fidelity instrumentation will be required to successfully collect data at the resolutions required to validate the high-fidelity simulations.« less
  • The objective of the test was to obtain a baseline characterization of the mechanical loads of the DOE 1.5 wind turbine located at NREL. The test was conducted in accordance with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Specification, IEC 61400-13 Wind Turbine Generator Systems – Part 13: Measurement of mechanical loads; First Edition 2001-06 [1]. The National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at NREL conducted this test in accordance with its quality system procedures so that the final test report meets the full requirements of its accreditation by the American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA). NREL’s quality system requires that allmore » applicable requirements specified by A2LA and International Standards Organization/IEC 17025 be met or to note any exceptions in the test report.« less
  • A series of tests were conducted to characterize the baseline properties and performance of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) 1.5-megawatt wind turbine (DOE 1.5) to enable research model development and quantify the effects of future turbine research modifications. The DOE 1.5 is built on the platform of GE's 1.5-MW SLE commercial wind turbine model. It was installed in a nonstandard configuration at the NWTC with the objective of supporting DOE Wind Program research initiatives such as A2e. Therefore, the test results may not represent the performance capabilities of other GE 1.5-MW SLE turbines. The acoustic noise test documented inmore » this report is one of a series of tests carried out to establish a performance baseline for the DOE 1.5 in the NWTC inflow environment.« less
  • This report details the power quality test on the Gaia Wind 11-kW Wind Turbine as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Independent Testing Project. In total five turbines are being tested as part of the project. Power quality testing is one of up to five test that may be performed on the turbines including power performance, safety and function, noise, and duration tests. The results of the testing provide manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification.
  • The Wind Turbine Verification Program (TVP) is a collaborative effort of the US Department of Energy, the Electric Power Research Institute, and host utilities to develop, construct, and operate wind power plants. Through their involvement as a TVP host utility, Green Mountain Power Corporation (GMP), has developed, constructed, and is now operating a commercial wind power plant. GMP completed construction of its new wind facility near Searsburg, Vermont, in December 1996 and the project was commissioned in June 1997. The facility is situated in a sparsely-populated, forested area on privately owned land. The 6.05 MW plant consists of 11 Zondmore » 5540-kW Z-40-FS (full span) turbines. As part of the TVP, GMP will conduct a three-year performance evaluation program of their wind project. This report discusses the activities and experiences during the first year of operation at the GMP TVP wind project. It includes summaries of the wind resource data, actual and calculated energy production, and availability at the site during the first year. The report discusses the operation and maintenance activities and categorizes the downtime experienced by the turbines during the period from July 1997 through June 1998. GMP is pleased by the overall performance of the project during the first year and continuing efforts are being made to improve the operation of the project and further optimize its performance. Two subsequent annual reports on the GMP project are planned to document the second and third years of operating experience.« less