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Title: Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels. Thermochemical Research Pathways with In Situ and Ex Situ Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors

Abstract

This report was developed as part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office’s efforts to enable the development of technologies for the production of infrastructurecompatible, cost-competitive liquid hydrocarbon fuels from biomass. Specifically, this report details two conceptual designs based on projected product yields and quality improvements via catalyst development and process integration. It is expected that these research improvements will be made within the 2022 timeframe. The two conversion pathways detailed are (1) in situ and (2) ex situ upgrading of vapors produced from the fast pyrolysis of biomass. While the base case conceptual designs and underlying assumptions outline performance metrics for feasibility, it should be noted that these are only two of many other possibilities in this area of research. Other promising process design options emerging from the research will be considered for future techno-economic analysis.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. DWH Process Consulting, Denver, CO (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Harris Group Inc., Denver, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1215007
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-5100-62455
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; FAST PYROLYSIS; IN SITU; EX SITU; VAPOR PHASE UPGRADING; CATALYTIC FAST PYROLYSIS; HYDROTREATING; HYDROCRACKING

Citation Formats

Dutta, Abhijit, Sahir, Asad, Tan, Eric, Humbird, David, Snowden-Swan, Lesley J., Meyer, Pimphan, Ross, Jeff, Sexton, Danielle, Yap, Raymond, and Lukas, John Lukas. Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels. Thermochemical Research Pathways with In Situ and Ex Situ Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1215007.
Dutta, Abhijit, Sahir, Asad, Tan, Eric, Humbird, David, Snowden-Swan, Lesley J., Meyer, Pimphan, Ross, Jeff, Sexton, Danielle, Yap, Raymond, & Lukas, John Lukas. Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels. Thermochemical Research Pathways with In Situ and Ex Situ Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors. United States. doi:10.2172/1215007.
Dutta, Abhijit, Sahir, Asad, Tan, Eric, Humbird, David, Snowden-Swan, Lesley J., Meyer, Pimphan, Ross, Jeff, Sexton, Danielle, Yap, Raymond, and Lukas, John Lukas. Sun . "Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels. Thermochemical Research Pathways with In Situ and Ex Situ Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors". United States. doi:10.2172/1215007. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1215007.
@article{osti_1215007,
title = {Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels. Thermochemical Research Pathways with In Situ and Ex Situ Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors},
author = {Dutta, Abhijit and Sahir, Asad and Tan, Eric and Humbird, David and Snowden-Swan, Lesley J. and Meyer, Pimphan and Ross, Jeff and Sexton, Danielle and Yap, Raymond and Lukas, John Lukas},
abstractNote = {This report was developed as part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office’s efforts to enable the development of technologies for the production of infrastructurecompatible, cost-competitive liquid hydrocarbon fuels from biomass. Specifically, this report details two conceptual designs based on projected product yields and quality improvements via catalyst development and process integration. It is expected that these research improvements will be made within the 2022 timeframe. The two conversion pathways detailed are (1) in situ and (2) ex situ upgrading of vapors produced from the fast pyrolysis of biomass. While the base case conceptual designs and underlying assumptions outline performance metrics for feasibility, it should be noted that these are only two of many other possibilities in this area of research. Other promising process design options emerging from the research will be considered for future techno-economic analysis.},
doi = {10.2172/1215007},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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