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Title: A RhxSy/C Catalyst for the Hydrogen Oxidation and Hydrogen Evolution Reactions in HBr

Abstract

Rhodium sulfide (Rh2S3) on carbon support was synthesized by refluxing rhodium chloride with ammonium thiosulfate. Thermal treatment of Rh2S3 at high temperatures (600 degrees C to 850 degrees C) in presence of argon resulted in the transformation of Rh2S3 into Rh3S4, Rh17S15 and Rh which were characterized by TGA/DTA, XRD, EDX, and deconvolved XPS analyses. The catalyst particle size distribution ranged from 3 to 12 nm. Cyclic voltammetry and rotating disk electrode measurements were used to evaluate the catalytic activity for hydrogen oxidation and evolution reactions in H2SO4 and HBr solutions. The thermally treated catalysts show high activity for the hydrogen reactions. The exchange current densities (i(o)) of the synthesized RhxSy catalysts in H-2-saturated 1M H2SO4 and 1M HBr for HER and HOR were 0.9 mA/cm(2) to 1.0 mA/cm(2) and 0.8 to 0.9 mA/cm(2), respectively. The lower i(o) values obtained in 1M HBr solution compared to in H2SO4 might be due to the adsorption of Br- on the active surface. Stable electrochemical active surface area (ECSA) of RhxSy catalyst was obtained for CV scan limits between 0 V and 0.65 V vs. RHE. Scans with upper voltage limit beyond 0.65 V led to decreased and unreproducible ECSA measurements. (C) Themore » Author(s) 2015. Published by ECS. All rights reserved.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1211500
DOE Contract Number:  
AR0000262
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 162; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Masud, J, Nguyen, TV, Singh, N, McFarland, E, Ikenberry, M, Hohn, K, Pan, CJ, and Hwang, BJ. A RhxSy/C Catalyst for the Hydrogen Oxidation and Hydrogen Evolution Reactions in HBr. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0901504jes.
Masud, J, Nguyen, TV, Singh, N, McFarland, E, Ikenberry, M, Hohn, K, Pan, CJ, & Hwang, BJ. A RhxSy/C Catalyst for the Hydrogen Oxidation and Hydrogen Evolution Reactions in HBr. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0901504jes.
Masud, J, Nguyen, TV, Singh, N, McFarland, E, Ikenberry, M, Hohn, K, Pan, CJ, and Hwang, BJ. Tue . "A RhxSy/C Catalyst for the Hydrogen Oxidation and Hydrogen Evolution Reactions in HBr". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0901504jes.
@article{osti_1211500,
title = {A RhxSy/C Catalyst for the Hydrogen Oxidation and Hydrogen Evolution Reactions in HBr},
author = {Masud, J and Nguyen, TV and Singh, N and McFarland, E and Ikenberry, M and Hohn, K and Pan, CJ and Hwang, BJ},
abstractNote = {Rhodium sulfide (Rh2S3) on carbon support was synthesized by refluxing rhodium chloride with ammonium thiosulfate. Thermal treatment of Rh2S3 at high temperatures (600 degrees C to 850 degrees C) in presence of argon resulted in the transformation of Rh2S3 into Rh3S4, Rh17S15 and Rh which were characterized by TGA/DTA, XRD, EDX, and deconvolved XPS analyses. The catalyst particle size distribution ranged from 3 to 12 nm. Cyclic voltammetry and rotating disk electrode measurements were used to evaluate the catalytic activity for hydrogen oxidation and evolution reactions in H2SO4 and HBr solutions. The thermally treated catalysts show high activity for the hydrogen reactions. The exchange current densities (i(o)) of the synthesized RhxSy catalysts in H-2-saturated 1M H2SO4 and 1M HBr for HER and HOR were 0.9 mA/cm(2) to 1.0 mA/cm(2) and 0.8 to 0.9 mA/cm(2), respectively. The lower i(o) values obtained in 1M HBr solution compared to in H2SO4 might be due to the adsorption of Br- on the active surface. Stable electrochemical active surface area (ECSA) of RhxSy catalyst was obtained for CV scan limits between 0 V and 0.65 V vs. RHE. Scans with upper voltage limit beyond 0.65 V led to decreased and unreproducible ECSA measurements. (C) The Author(s) 2015. Published by ECS. All rights reserved.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0901504jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
issn = {0013-4651},
number = 4,
volume = 162,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {1}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Synthesis and Evaluation of Rh x S y Catalyst with High Affinity for Nafion Ionomer for HOR/HER in a H 2 -Br 2 Regenerative Fuel Cell
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