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Title: Effect of composition and nanostructure on CO2/N-2 transport properties of supported alkyl-imidazolium block copolymer membranes

Abstract

Polymerized room-temperature ionic liquids (poly(RTIL)s) have garnered attention as new and interesting membrane materials for CO2/light gas separations because they combine the high CO2 affinity and thermal and chemical stability of RTILs, with the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric materials. Our group recently synthesized a new type of block copolymer (BCP) combining an imidazolium-based poly(RTIL) and an alkyl non-ionic polymer. These alkyl-b-ionic BCPs phase-separate into ordered nanostructures. Prior work investigating gas transport through phase-separated BCPs is very limited, and none has included RTIL-based BCP systems. However it has been shown that nanoscale phase-separation could facilitate gas transport via nanostructure orientation control or phase connectivity improvement. We have successfully made defect-free, thin-film composite membranes with these novel alkyl-imidazolium BCPs as a 3-20 mu m thick top layer, and determined their CO2/N-2 separation properties via single-gas permeability measurements and selectivity calculations. These new BCP materials were found to have distinct advantages over the analogous physical blends of the parent homopolymers with respect to membrane fabrication. The composition of the BCP top layer, which is directly connected to the type of nanostructure formed, was found to have a significant effect on CO2 permeability (i.e., it can increase CO2 permeability by two ordersmore » of magnitude up to an observed value of 9300 barrer). This improvement is mainly due to a large increase in the diffusion coefficient in the ordered nanostructures compared to amorphous BCP materials. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1211087
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AR0000098
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Membrane Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 430; Journal ID: ISSN 0376-7388
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Nguyen, PT, Wiesenauer, EF, Gin, DL, and Noble, RD. Effect of composition and nanostructure on CO2/N-2 transport properties of supported alkyl-imidazolium block copolymer membranes. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2012.12.016.
Nguyen, PT, Wiesenauer, EF, Gin, DL, & Noble, RD. Effect of composition and nanostructure on CO2/N-2 transport properties of supported alkyl-imidazolium block copolymer membranes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.12.016
Nguyen, PT, Wiesenauer, EF, Gin, DL, and Noble, RD. Fri . "Effect of composition and nanostructure on CO2/N-2 transport properties of supported alkyl-imidazolium block copolymer membranes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.12.016.
@article{osti_1211087,
title = {Effect of composition and nanostructure on CO2/N-2 transport properties of supported alkyl-imidazolium block copolymer membranes},
author = {Nguyen, PT and Wiesenauer, EF and Gin, DL and Noble, RD},
abstractNote = {Polymerized room-temperature ionic liquids (poly(RTIL)s) have garnered attention as new and interesting membrane materials for CO2/light gas separations because they combine the high CO2 affinity and thermal and chemical stability of RTILs, with the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric materials. Our group recently synthesized a new type of block copolymer (BCP) combining an imidazolium-based poly(RTIL) and an alkyl non-ionic polymer. These alkyl-b-ionic BCPs phase-separate into ordered nanostructures. Prior work investigating gas transport through phase-separated BCPs is very limited, and none has included RTIL-based BCP systems. However it has been shown that nanoscale phase-separation could facilitate gas transport via nanostructure orientation control or phase connectivity improvement. We have successfully made defect-free, thin-film composite membranes with these novel alkyl-imidazolium BCPs as a 3-20 mu m thick top layer, and determined their CO2/N-2 separation properties via single-gas permeability measurements and selectivity calculations. These new BCP materials were found to have distinct advantages over the analogous physical blends of the parent homopolymers with respect to membrane fabrication. The composition of the BCP top layer, which is directly connected to the type of nanostructure formed, was found to have a significant effect on CO2 permeability (i.e., it can increase CO2 permeability by two orders of magnitude up to an observed value of 9300 barrer). This improvement is mainly due to a large increase in the diffusion coefficient in the ordered nanostructures compared to amorphous BCP materials. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
doi = {10.1016/j.memsci.2012.12.016},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1211087}, journal = {Journal of Membrane Science},
issn = {0376-7388},
number = ,
volume = 430,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {3}
}