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Title: Effect of ball-milling surfactants on the interface chemistry in hot-compacted SmCo5 magnets

Abstract

Anisotropic SmCo5 nanoflakes prepared by high-energy ball-milling with surfactants have great potential in applications for high-performance nanocomposite magnets. For such "nanocomposite" applications, the surface structure and chemistry of nanoflakes are crucial for achieving high coercivity. In this study, hot-pressed samples from anisotropic SmCo5 nanoflakes, ball-milled with different surfactants, oleic acid (OA) and oleylamine (OY), were investigated. Interface layers between the SmCo5 nanoflakes were found to consist of samarium oxides and a soft magnetic Co phase. These surface layers contribute to the degradation of hard magnetic performance, which is confirmed by scanning transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis of the cross-section of a single flake ball-milled with OA. Samples milled with OY show a much thinner interface layer in compacted samples, which means that the surface degradation during ball-milling with OY is much less than that with OA. The results show clearly that the choice of proper surfactant and the control of processing parameters are the key factors for improving the surface condition of the nanoflakes and the resulting hard magnetic properties. (C) 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1211005
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 60; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Li, WF, Sepehri-Amin, H, Zheng, LY, Cui, BZ, Gabay, AM, Hono, K, Huang, WJ, Ni, C, and Hadjipanayis, GC. Effect of ball-milling surfactants on the interface chemistry in hot-compacted SmCo5 magnets. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2012.08.038.
Li, WF, Sepehri-Amin, H, Zheng, LY, Cui, BZ, Gabay, AM, Hono, K, Huang, WJ, Ni, C, & Hadjipanayis, GC. Effect of ball-milling surfactants on the interface chemistry in hot-compacted SmCo5 magnets. United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2012.08.038.
Li, WF, Sepehri-Amin, H, Zheng, LY, Cui, BZ, Gabay, AM, Hono, K, Huang, WJ, Ni, C, and Hadjipanayis, GC. Thu . "Effect of ball-milling surfactants on the interface chemistry in hot-compacted SmCo5 magnets". United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2012.08.038.
@article{osti_1211005,
title = {Effect of ball-milling surfactants on the interface chemistry in hot-compacted SmCo5 magnets},
author = {Li, WF and Sepehri-Amin, H and Zheng, LY and Cui, BZ and Gabay, AM and Hono, K and Huang, WJ and Ni, C and Hadjipanayis, GC},
abstractNote = {Anisotropic SmCo5 nanoflakes prepared by high-energy ball-milling with surfactants have great potential in applications for high-performance nanocomposite magnets. For such "nanocomposite" applications, the surface structure and chemistry of nanoflakes are crucial for achieving high coercivity. In this study, hot-pressed samples from anisotropic SmCo5 nanoflakes, ball-milled with different surfactants, oleic acid (OA) and oleylamine (OY), were investigated. Interface layers between the SmCo5 nanoflakes were found to consist of samarium oxides and a soft magnetic Co phase. These surface layers contribute to the degradation of hard magnetic performance, which is confirmed by scanning transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis of the cross-section of a single flake ball-milled with OA. Samples milled with OY show a much thinner interface layer in compacted samples, which means that the surface degradation during ball-milling with OY is much less than that with OA. The results show clearly that the choice of proper surfactant and the control of processing parameters are the key factors for improving the surface condition of the nanoflakes and the resulting hard magnetic properties. (C) 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
doi = {10.1016/j.actamat.2012.08.038},
journal = {Acta Materialia},
issn = {1359-6454},
number = 19,
volume = 60,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}