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Title: Lubricant-Infused Nanoparticulate Coatings Assembled by Layer-by-Layer Deposition

Abstract

Omniphobic coatings are designed to repel a wide range of liquids without leaving stains on the surface. A practical coating should exhibit stable repellency, show no interference with color or transparency of the underlying substrate and, ideally, be deposited in a simple process on arbitrarily shaped surfaces. We use layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition of negatively charged silica nanoparticles and positively charged polyelectrolytes to create nanoscale surface structures that are further surface-functionalized with fluorinated silanes and infiltrated with fluorinated oil, forming a smooth, highly repellent coating on surfaces of different materials and shapes. We show that four or more LbL cycles introduce sufficient surface roughness to effectively immobilize the lubricant into the nanoporous coating and provide a stable liquid interface that repels water, low-surface-tension liquids and complex fluids. The absence of hierarchical structures and the small size of the silica nanoparticles enables complete transparency of the coating, with light transmittance exceeding that of normal glass. The coating is mechanically robust, maintains its repellency after exposure to continuous flow for several days and prevents adsorption of streptavidin as a model protein. The LbL process is conceptually simple, of low cost, environmentally benign, scalable, automatable and therefore may present an efficient synthetic route tomore » non-fouling materials.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1210948
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AR0000326
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Advanced Functional Materials; Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 42
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Sunny, S, Vogel, N, Howell, C, Vu, TL, and Aizenberg, J. Lubricant-Infused Nanoparticulate Coatings Assembled by Layer-by-Layer Deposition. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201401289.
Sunny, S, Vogel, N, Howell, C, Vu, TL, & Aizenberg, J. Lubricant-Infused Nanoparticulate Coatings Assembled by Layer-by-Layer Deposition. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201401289.
Sunny, S, Vogel, N, Howell, C, Vu, TL, and Aizenberg, J. Mon . "Lubricant-Infused Nanoparticulate Coatings Assembled by Layer-by-Layer Deposition". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201401289.
@article{osti_1210948,
title = {Lubricant-Infused Nanoparticulate Coatings Assembled by Layer-by-Layer Deposition},
author = {Sunny, S and Vogel, N and Howell, C and Vu, TL and Aizenberg, J},
abstractNote = {Omniphobic coatings are designed to repel a wide range of liquids without leaving stains on the surface. A practical coating should exhibit stable repellency, show no interference with color or transparency of the underlying substrate and, ideally, be deposited in a simple process on arbitrarily shaped surfaces. We use layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition of negatively charged silica nanoparticles and positively charged polyelectrolytes to create nanoscale surface structures that are further surface-functionalized with fluorinated silanes and infiltrated with fluorinated oil, forming a smooth, highly repellent coating on surfaces of different materials and shapes. We show that four or more LbL cycles introduce sufficient surface roughness to effectively immobilize the lubricant into the nanoporous coating and provide a stable liquid interface that repels water, low-surface-tension liquids and complex fluids. The absence of hierarchical structures and the small size of the silica nanoparticles enables complete transparency of the coating, with light transmittance exceeding that of normal glass. The coating is mechanically robust, maintains its repellency after exposure to continuous flow for several days and prevents adsorption of streptavidin as a model protein. The LbL process is conceptually simple, of low cost, environmentally benign, scalable, automatable and therefore may present an efficient synthetic route to non-fouling materials.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201401289},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 42,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}