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Title: Strings, vortex rings, and modes of instability

Abstract

We treat string propagation and interaction in the presence of a background Neveu–Schwarz three-form field strength, suitable for describing vortex rings in a superfluid or low-viscosity normal fluid. A circular vortex ring exhibits instabilities which have been recognized for many years, but whose precise boundaries we determine for the first time analytically in the small core limit. Two circular vortices colliding head-on exhibit stronger instabilities which cause splitting into many small vortices at late times. We provide an approximate analytic treatment of these instabilities and show that the most unstable wavelength is parametrically larger than a dynamically generated length scale which in many hydrodynamic systems is close to the cutoff. We also summarize how the string construction we discuss can be derived from the Gross–Pitaevskii Lagrangian, and also how it compares to the action for giant gravitons.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1209833
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1188311
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-91ER40671
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Nuclear Physics. B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 892; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0550-3213
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Gubser, Steven S., Nayar, Revant, and Parikh, Sarthak. Strings, vortex rings, and modes of instability. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2015.01.005.
Gubser, Steven S., Nayar, Revant, & Parikh, Sarthak. Strings, vortex rings, and modes of instability. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2015.01.005.
Gubser, Steven S., Nayar, Revant, and Parikh, Sarthak. Mon . "Strings, vortex rings, and modes of instability". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2015.01.005.
@article{osti_1209833,
title = {Strings, vortex rings, and modes of instability},
author = {Gubser, Steven S. and Nayar, Revant and Parikh, Sarthak},
abstractNote = {We treat string propagation and interaction in the presence of a background Neveu–Schwarz three-form field strength, suitable for describing vortex rings in a superfluid or low-viscosity normal fluid. A circular vortex ring exhibits instabilities which have been recognized for many years, but whose precise boundaries we determine for the first time analytically in the small core limit. Two circular vortices colliding head-on exhibit stronger instabilities which cause splitting into many small vortices at late times. We provide an approximate analytic treatment of these instabilities and show that the most unstable wavelength is parametrically larger than a dynamically generated length scale which in many hydrodynamic systems is close to the cutoff. We also summarize how the string construction we discuss can be derived from the Gross–Pitaevskii Lagrangian, and also how it compares to the action for giant gravitons.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2015.01.005},
journal = {Nuclear Physics. B},
number = C,
volume = 892,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 12 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Mon Jan 12 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2015.01.005

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
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