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Title: Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks: An Integrated Study of the Fast Pyrolysis/Hydrotreating Pathway

Abstract

Feedstock composition can affect final fuel yields and quality for the fast pyrolysis and hydrotreatment upgrading pathway. However, previous studies have focused on individual unit operations rather than the integrated system. In this study, a suite of six pure lignocellulosic feedstocks (clean pine, whole pine, tulip poplar, hybrid poplar, switchgrass, and corn stover) and two blends (equal weight percentages whole pine/tulip poplar/switchgrass and whole pine/clean pine/hybrid poplar) were prepared and characterized at Idaho National Laboratory. These blends then underwent fast pyrolysis at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and hydrotreatment at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Although some feedstocks showed a high fast pyrolysis bio-oil yield such as tulip poplar at 57%, high yields in the hydrotreater were not always observed. Results showed overall fuel yields of 15% (switchgrass), 18% (corn stover), 23% (tulip poplar, Blend 1, Blend 2), 24% (whole pine, hybrid poplar) and 27% (clean pine). Simulated distillation of the upgraded oils indicated that the gasoline fraction varied from 39% (clean pine) to 51% (corn stover), while the diesel fraction ranged from 40% (corn stover) to 46% (tulip poplar). Little variation was seen in the jet fuel fraction at 11 to 12%. Hydrogen consumption during hydrotreating, a major factor inmore » the economic feasibility of the integrated process, ranged from 0.051 g/g dry feed (tulip poplar) to 0.070 g/g dry feed (clean pine).« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1208731
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-108317
BM0101010
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Energy and Fuels, 29(5):3188-3197
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energy and Fuels, 29(5):3188-3197
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Biofuels; Fast Pyrolysis; Hydrotreatment; Thermochemical Conversions; Feedstocks

Citation Formats

Howe, Daniel T., Westover, Tyler, Carpenter, Daniel, Santosa, Daniel M., Emerson, Rachel, Deutch, Steve, Starace, Anne, Kutnyakov, Igor V., and Lukins, Craig D. Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks: An Integrated Study of the Fast Pyrolysis/Hydrotreating Pathway. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b00304.
Howe, Daniel T., Westover, Tyler, Carpenter, Daniel, Santosa, Daniel M., Emerson, Rachel, Deutch, Steve, Starace, Anne, Kutnyakov, Igor V., & Lukins, Craig D. Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks: An Integrated Study of the Fast Pyrolysis/Hydrotreating Pathway. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b00304.
Howe, Daniel T., Westover, Tyler, Carpenter, Daniel, Santosa, Daniel M., Emerson, Rachel, Deutch, Steve, Starace, Anne, Kutnyakov, Igor V., and Lukins, Craig D. Thu . "Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks: An Integrated Study of the Fast Pyrolysis/Hydrotreating Pathway". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b00304.
@article{osti_1208731,
title = {Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks: An Integrated Study of the Fast Pyrolysis/Hydrotreating Pathway},
author = {Howe, Daniel T. and Westover, Tyler and Carpenter, Daniel and Santosa, Daniel M. and Emerson, Rachel and Deutch, Steve and Starace, Anne and Kutnyakov, Igor V. and Lukins, Craig D.},
abstractNote = {Feedstock composition can affect final fuel yields and quality for the fast pyrolysis and hydrotreatment upgrading pathway. However, previous studies have focused on individual unit operations rather than the integrated system. In this study, a suite of six pure lignocellulosic feedstocks (clean pine, whole pine, tulip poplar, hybrid poplar, switchgrass, and corn stover) and two blends (equal weight percentages whole pine/tulip poplar/switchgrass and whole pine/clean pine/hybrid poplar) were prepared and characterized at Idaho National Laboratory. These blends then underwent fast pyrolysis at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and hydrotreatment at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Although some feedstocks showed a high fast pyrolysis bio-oil yield such as tulip poplar at 57%, high yields in the hydrotreater were not always observed. Results showed overall fuel yields of 15% (switchgrass), 18% (corn stover), 23% (tulip poplar, Blend 1, Blend 2), 24% (whole pine, hybrid poplar) and 27% (clean pine). Simulated distillation of the upgraded oils indicated that the gasoline fraction varied from 39% (clean pine) to 51% (corn stover), while the diesel fraction ranged from 40% (corn stover) to 46% (tulip poplar). Little variation was seen in the jet fuel fraction at 11 to 12%. Hydrogen consumption during hydrotreating, a major factor in the economic feasibility of the integrated process, ranged from 0.051 g/g dry feed (tulip poplar) to 0.070 g/g dry feed (clean pine).},
doi = {10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b00304},
journal = {Energy and Fuels, 29(5):3188-3197},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}