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Title: The global context of the 14 November 2012 storm event

Abstract

From 2 to 5 UT on 14 November 2012, the Van Allen Probes observed repeated particle flux dropouts during the main phase of a geomagnetic storm as the satellites traversed the post-midnight to dawnside inner magnetosphere. Each flux dropout corresponded to an abrupt change in the magnetic topology, i.e., from a more dipolar configuration to a configuration with magnetic field lines stretched in the dawn-dusk direction. Geosynchronous GOES spacecraft located in the dusk and near-midnight sectors and the LANL constellation with wide local time coverage also observed repeated flux dropouts and stretched field lines with similar occurrence patterns to those of the Van Allen Probe events. THEMIS recorded multiple transient abrupt expansions of the evening-side magnetopause ~20–30 min prior to the sequential Van Allen Probes observations. Ground-based magnetograms and all sky images demonstrate repeatable features in conjunction with the dropouts. We combine the various in-situ and ground-based measurements to define and understand the global spatiotemporal features associated with the dropouts observed by the Van Allen Probes. We discuss various proposed hypotheses for the mechanism that plausibly caused this storm-time dropout event as well as formulate a new hypothesis that explains the combined in-situ and ground-based observations: the earthward motion ofmore » magnetic flux ropes containing lobe plasmas that form along an extended magnetotail reconnection line in the near-Earth plasma sheet.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8];  [9];  [6]
  1. NASA Goddard Lab. Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland at Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  2. NASA Goddard Lab. Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  4. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon (South Korea)
  5. Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helskinki (Finland)
  6. NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center, Boulder, CO (United States)
  7. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  8. Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD (United States)
  9. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1200614
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-20029
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9380
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9380
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Heliospheric and Magnetospheric Physics

Citation Formats

Hwang, K. -J., Sibeck, D. G., Fok, M. -C. H., Zheng, Y., Nishimura, Y., Lee, J. -J., Glocer, A., Partamies, N., Singer, H. J., Reeves, G. D., Mitchell, D. G., Kletzing, C. A., and Onsager, T. The global context of the 14 November 2012 storm event. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/2014JA020826.
Hwang, K. -J., Sibeck, D. G., Fok, M. -C. H., Zheng, Y., Nishimura, Y., Lee, J. -J., Glocer, A., Partamies, N., Singer, H. J., Reeves, G. D., Mitchell, D. G., Kletzing, C. A., & Onsager, T. The global context of the 14 November 2012 storm event. United States. doi:10.1002/2014JA020826.
Hwang, K. -J., Sibeck, D. G., Fok, M. -C. H., Zheng, Y., Nishimura, Y., Lee, J. -J., Glocer, A., Partamies, N., Singer, H. J., Reeves, G. D., Mitchell, D. G., Kletzing, C. A., and Onsager, T. Sun . "The global context of the 14 November 2012 storm event". United States. doi:10.1002/2014JA020826. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1200614.
@article{osti_1200614,
title = {The global context of the 14 November 2012 storm event},
author = {Hwang, K. -J. and Sibeck, D. G. and Fok, M. -C. H. and Zheng, Y. and Nishimura, Y. and Lee, J. -J. and Glocer, A. and Partamies, N. and Singer, H. J. and Reeves, G. D. and Mitchell, D. G. and Kletzing, C. A. and Onsager, T.},
abstractNote = {From 2 to 5 UT on 14 November 2012, the Van Allen Probes observed repeated particle flux dropouts during the main phase of a geomagnetic storm as the satellites traversed the post-midnight to dawnside inner magnetosphere. Each flux dropout corresponded to an abrupt change in the magnetic topology, i.e., from a more dipolar configuration to a configuration with magnetic field lines stretched in the dawn-dusk direction. Geosynchronous GOES spacecraft located in the dusk and near-midnight sectors and the LANL constellation with wide local time coverage also observed repeated flux dropouts and stretched field lines with similar occurrence patterns to those of the Van Allen Probe events. THEMIS recorded multiple transient abrupt expansions of the evening-side magnetopause ~20–30 min prior to the sequential Van Allen Probes observations. Ground-based magnetograms and all sky images demonstrate repeatable features in conjunction with the dropouts. We combine the various in-situ and ground-based measurements to define and understand the global spatiotemporal features associated with the dropouts observed by the Van Allen Probes. We discuss various proposed hypotheses for the mechanism that plausibly caused this storm-time dropout event as well as formulate a new hypothesis that explains the combined in-situ and ground-based observations: the earthward motion of magnetic flux ropes containing lobe plasmas that form along an extended magnetotail reconnection line in the near-Earth plasma sheet.},
doi = {10.1002/2014JA020826},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics},
number = 3,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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