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Title: The Influence of Process Conditions on the Chemical Composition of Pine Wood Catalytic Pyrolysis Oils

Abstract

Pine wood samples were used as model feedstock to study the properties of catalytic fast pyrolysis oils. The influence of two commercial zeolite catalysts (BASF and SudChem) and pretreatment of the pine wood with sodium hydroxide on pyrolysis products were investigated. The pyrolysis oils were first fractionated using column chromatography and characterized using GC-MS. Long chain aliphatic hydrocarbons, levoglucosan, aldehydes and ketones, guaiacols/syringols, and benzenediols were the major compounds identified in the pyrolysis oils. The catalytic pyrolysis increased the polycyclic hydrocarbons fraction. Significant decreases in phthalate derivatives using SudChem and long chain aliphatics using BASF catalyst were observed. Significant amounts of aromatic heterocyclic hydrocarbons and benzene derivatives were formed, respectively, using BASF and SudChem catalysts. Guaiacyl/syringyl and benzenediols derivatives were partly suppressed by the zeolite catalysts, while the sodium hydroxide treatment enriched phenolic derivatives. Zeolite catalyst and sodium hydroxide were employed together; they showed different results for each catalyst.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
  2. Department of Biological Engineering, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84341, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1198299
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG36-08GO18214-1
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
ISRN Renewable Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ISRN Renewable Energy Journal Volume: 2012; Journal ID: ISSN 2090-746X
Publisher:
Hindawi (International Scholarly Research Network)
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Pereira, J., Agblevor, F. A., and Beis, S. H.. The Influence of Process Conditions on the Chemical Composition of Pine Wood Catalytic Pyrolysis Oils. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.5402/2012/167629.
Pereira, J., Agblevor, F. A., & Beis, S. H.. The Influence of Process Conditions on the Chemical Composition of Pine Wood Catalytic Pyrolysis Oils. Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.5402/2012/167629.
Pereira, J., Agblevor, F. A., and Beis, S. H.. Sun . "The Influence of Process Conditions on the Chemical Composition of Pine Wood Catalytic Pyrolysis Oils". Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.5402/2012/167629.
@article{osti_1198299,
title = {The Influence of Process Conditions on the Chemical Composition of Pine Wood Catalytic Pyrolysis Oils},
author = {Pereira, J. and Agblevor, F. A. and Beis, S. H.},
abstractNote = {Pine wood samples were used as model feedstock to study the properties of catalytic fast pyrolysis oils. The influence of two commercial zeolite catalysts (BASF and SudChem) and pretreatment of the pine wood with sodium hydroxide on pyrolysis products were investigated. The pyrolysis oils were first fractionated using column chromatography and characterized using GC-MS. Long chain aliphatic hydrocarbons, levoglucosan, aldehydes and ketones, guaiacols/syringols, and benzenediols were the major compounds identified in the pyrolysis oils. The catalytic pyrolysis increased the polycyclic hydrocarbons fraction. Significant decreases in phthalate derivatives using SudChem and long chain aliphatics using BASF catalyst were observed. Significant amounts of aromatic heterocyclic hydrocarbons and benzene derivatives were formed, respectively, using BASF and SudChem catalysts. Guaiacyl/syringyl and benzenediols derivatives were partly suppressed by the zeolite catalysts, while the sodium hydroxide treatment enriched phenolic derivatives. Zeolite catalyst and sodium hydroxide were employed together; they showed different results for each catalyst.},
doi = {10.5402/2012/167629},
journal = {ISRN Renewable Energy},
issn = {2090-746X},
number = ,
volume = 2012,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {2012},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.5402/2012/167629

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Works referenced in this record:

Pyrolysis of Wood/Biomass for Bio-oil: A Critical Review
journal, May 2006

  • Mohan, Dinesh; Pittman,, Charles U.; Steele, Philip H.
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 20, Issue 3, p. 848-889
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef0502397

Overview of Applications of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil
journal, March 2004

  • Czernik, S.; Bridgwater, A. V.
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 18, Issue 2, p. 590-598
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef034067u

An overview of fast pyrolysis of biomass
journal, December 1999