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Title: Improving Representation of Convective Transport for Scale-Aware Parameterization – Part I: Convection and Cloud Properties Simulated with Spectral Bin and Bulk Microphysics

Abstract

The ultimate goal of this study is to improve representation of convective transport by cumulus parameterization for meso-scale and climate models. As Part I of the study, we perform extensive evaluations of cloud-resolving simulations of a squall line and mesoscale convective complexes in mid-latitude continent and tropical regions using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with spectral-bin microphysics (SBM) and with two double-moment bulk microphysics schemes: a modified Morrison (MOR) and Milbrandt and Yau (MY2). Compared to observations, in general, SBM gives better simulations of precipitation, vertical velocity of convective cores, and the vertically decreasing trend of radar reflectivity than MOR and MY2, and therefore will be used for analysis of scale-dependence of eddy transport in Part II. The common features of the simulations for all convective systems are (1) the model tends to overestimate convection intensity in the middle and upper troposphere, but SBM can alleviate much of the overestimation and reproduce the observed convection intensity well; (2) the model greatly overestimates radar reflectivity in convective cores (SBM predicts smaller radar reflectivity but does not remove the large overestimation); and (3) the model performs better for mid-latitude convective systems than tropical system. The modeled mass fluxes of themore » mid latitude systems are not sensitive to microphysics schemes, but are very sensitive for the tropical case indicating strong microphysics modification to convection. Cloud microphysical measurements of rain, snow and graupel in convective cores will be critically important to further elucidate issues within cloud microphysics schemes.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1197087
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-107883
KP1703020
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres), 120:3485-3509
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres), 120:3485-3509
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Fan, Jiwen, Liu, Yi-Chin, Xu, Kuan-Man, North, Kirk, Collis, Scott M., Dong, Xiquan, Zhang, Guang J., Chen, Qian, and Ghan, Steven J. Improving Representation of Convective Transport for Scale-Aware Parameterization – Part I: Convection and Cloud Properties Simulated with Spectral Bin and Bulk Microphysics. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/2014JD022142.
Fan, Jiwen, Liu, Yi-Chin, Xu, Kuan-Man, North, Kirk, Collis, Scott M., Dong, Xiquan, Zhang, Guang J., Chen, Qian, & Ghan, Steven J. Improving Representation of Convective Transport for Scale-Aware Parameterization – Part I: Convection and Cloud Properties Simulated with Spectral Bin and Bulk Microphysics. United States. doi:10.1002/2014JD022142.
Fan, Jiwen, Liu, Yi-Chin, Xu, Kuan-Man, North, Kirk, Collis, Scott M., Dong, Xiquan, Zhang, Guang J., Chen, Qian, and Ghan, Steven J. Mon . "Improving Representation of Convective Transport for Scale-Aware Parameterization – Part I: Convection and Cloud Properties Simulated with Spectral Bin and Bulk Microphysics". United States. doi:10.1002/2014JD022142.
@article{osti_1197087,
title = {Improving Representation of Convective Transport for Scale-Aware Parameterization – Part I: Convection and Cloud Properties Simulated with Spectral Bin and Bulk Microphysics},
author = {Fan, Jiwen and Liu, Yi-Chin and Xu, Kuan-Man and North, Kirk and Collis, Scott M. and Dong, Xiquan and Zhang, Guang J. and Chen, Qian and Ghan, Steven J.},
abstractNote = {The ultimate goal of this study is to improve representation of convective transport by cumulus parameterization for meso-scale and climate models. As Part I of the study, we perform extensive evaluations of cloud-resolving simulations of a squall line and mesoscale convective complexes in mid-latitude continent and tropical regions using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with spectral-bin microphysics (SBM) and with two double-moment bulk microphysics schemes: a modified Morrison (MOR) and Milbrandt and Yau (MY2). Compared to observations, in general, SBM gives better simulations of precipitation, vertical velocity of convective cores, and the vertically decreasing trend of radar reflectivity than MOR and MY2, and therefore will be used for analysis of scale-dependence of eddy transport in Part II. The common features of the simulations for all convective systems are (1) the model tends to overestimate convection intensity in the middle and upper troposphere, but SBM can alleviate much of the overestimation and reproduce the observed convection intensity well; (2) the model greatly overestimates radar reflectivity in convective cores (SBM predicts smaller radar reflectivity but does not remove the large overestimation); and (3) the model performs better for mid-latitude convective systems than tropical system. The modeled mass fluxes of the mid latitude systems are not sensitive to microphysics schemes, but are very sensitive for the tropical case indicating strong microphysics modification to convection. Cloud microphysical measurements of rain, snow and graupel in convective cores will be critically important to further elucidate issues within cloud microphysics schemes.},
doi = {10.1002/2014JD022142},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres), 120:3485-3509},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {4}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Are atmospheric updrafts a key to unlocking climate forcing and sensitivity?
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