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Title: Gas-to-liquids synthetic fuels for use in fuel cells : reformability, energy density, and infrastructure compatibility.

Abstract

The fuel cell has many potential applications, from power sources for electric hybrid vehicles to small power plants for commercial buildings. The choice of fuel will be critical to the pace of its commercialization. This paper reviews the various liquid fuels being considered as an alternative to direct hydrogen gas for the fuel cell application, presents calculations of the hydrogen and carbon dioxide yields from autothermal reforming of candidate liquid fuels, and reports the product gas composition measured from the autothermal reforming of a synthetic fuel in a micro-reactor. The hydrogen yield for a synthetic paraffin fuel produced by a cobalt-based Fischer-Tropsch process was found to be similar to that of retail gasoline. The advantages of the synthetic fuel are that it contains no contaminants that would poison the fuel cell catalyst, is relatively benign to the environment, and could be transported in the existing fuel distribution system.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
11959
Report Number(s):
ANL/CMT/CP-99986
TRN: AH200119%%223
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 3rd International Fuel Cell Conference, Nagoya (JP), 11/30/1999--12/03/1999; Other Information: PBD: 8 Sep 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; CARBON DIOXIDE; COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS; COMPATIBILITY; ENERGY DENSITY; FUEL CELLS; HYDROGEN; LIQUID FUELS; POWER PLANTS; SYNTHETIC FUELS

Citation Formats

Ahmed, S., Kopasz, J. P., Russell, B. J., and Tomlinson, H. L. Gas-to-liquids synthetic fuels for use in fuel cells : reformability, energy density, and infrastructure compatibility.. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
Ahmed, S., Kopasz, J. P., Russell, B. J., & Tomlinson, H. L. Gas-to-liquids synthetic fuels for use in fuel cells : reformability, energy density, and infrastructure compatibility.. United States.
Ahmed, S., Kopasz, J. P., Russell, B. J., and Tomlinson, H. L. Wed . "Gas-to-liquids synthetic fuels for use in fuel cells : reformability, energy density, and infrastructure compatibility.". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/11959.
@article{osti_11959,
title = {Gas-to-liquids synthetic fuels for use in fuel cells : reformability, energy density, and infrastructure compatibility.},
author = {Ahmed, S. and Kopasz, J. P. and Russell, B. J. and Tomlinson, H. L.},
abstractNote = {The fuel cell has many potential applications, from power sources for electric hybrid vehicles to small power plants for commercial buildings. The choice of fuel will be critical to the pace of its commercialization. This paper reviews the various liquid fuels being considered as an alternative to direct hydrogen gas for the fuel cell application, presents calculations of the hydrogen and carbon dioxide yields from autothermal reforming of candidate liquid fuels, and reports the product gas composition measured from the autothermal reforming of a synthetic fuel in a micro-reactor. The hydrogen yield for a synthetic paraffin fuel produced by a cobalt-based Fischer-Tropsch process was found to be similar to that of retail gasoline. The advantages of the synthetic fuel are that it contains no contaminants that would poison the fuel cell catalyst, is relatively benign to the environment, and could be transported in the existing fuel distribution system.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}

Conference:
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