skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification

Abstract

A compression ignition engine uses two or more fuel charges having two or more reactivities to control the timing and duration of combustion. In a preferred implementation, a lower-reactivity fuel charge is injected or otherwise introduced into the combustion chamber, preferably sufficiently early that it becomes at least substantially homogeneously dispersed within the chamber before a subsequent injection is made. One or more subsequent injections of higher-reactivity fuel charges are then made, and these preferably distribute the higher-reactivity matter within the lower-reactivity chamber space such that combustion begins in the higher-reactivity regions, and with the lower-reactivity regions following thereafter. By appropriately choosing the reactivities of the charges, their relative amounts, and their timing, combustion can be tailored to achieve optimal power output (and thus fuel efficiency), at controlled temperatures (and thus controlled NOx), and with controlled equivalence ratios (and thus controlled soot).

Inventors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1193374
Patent Number(s):
9,080,501
Application Number:
14/108,868
Assignee:
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (Madison, WI) NETL
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-06NT42628
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Dec 17
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 42 ENGINEERING; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Reitz, Rolf Deneys, Hanson, Reed M., Splitter, Derek A., and Kokjohn, Sage L. Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Reitz, Rolf Deneys, Hanson, Reed M., Splitter, Derek A., & Kokjohn, Sage L. Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification. United States.
Reitz, Rolf Deneys, Hanson, Reed M., Splitter, Derek A., and Kokjohn, Sage L. Tue . "Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1193374.
@article{osti_1193374,
title = {Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification},
author = {Reitz, Rolf Deneys and Hanson, Reed M. and Splitter, Derek A. and Kokjohn, Sage L.},
abstractNote = {A compression ignition engine uses two or more fuel charges having two or more reactivities to control the timing and duration of combustion. In a preferred implementation, a lower-reactivity fuel charge is injected or otherwise introduced into the combustion chamber, preferably sufficiently early that it becomes at least substantially homogeneously dispersed within the chamber before a subsequent injection is made. One or more subsequent injections of higher-reactivity fuel charges are then made, and these preferably distribute the higher-reactivity matter within the lower-reactivity chamber space such that combustion begins in the higher-reactivity regions, and with the lower-reactivity regions following thereafter. By appropriately choosing the reactivities of the charges, their relative amounts, and their timing, combustion can be tailored to achieve optimal power output (and thus fuel efficiency), at controlled temperatures (and thus controlled NOx), and with controlled equivalence ratios (and thus controlled soot).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 14 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Tue Jul 14 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

Patent:

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

An Experimental Investigation of Fuel Reactivity Controlled PCCI Combustion in a Heavy-Duty Engine
journal, April 2010

  • Hanson, Reed M.; Kokjohn, Sage L.; Splitter, Derek A.
  • SAE International Journal of Engines, Vol. 3, Issue 1, p. 700-716
  • DOI: 10.4271/2010-01-0864

Fuel Effects on Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Combustion at Low Load
journal, April 2011

  • Hanson, Reed; Kokjohn, Sage; Splitter, Derek
  • SAE International Journal of Engines, Vol. 4, Issue 1, p. 394-411
  • DOI: 10.4271/2011-01-0361

Dual-Fuel PCI Combustion Controlled by In-Cylinder Stratification of Ignitability
conference, April 2006


Experiments and Modeling of Dual-Fuel HCCI and PCCI Combustion Using In-Cylinder Fuel Blending
journal, October 2009

  • Kokjohn, Sage L.; Hanson, Reed M.; Splitter, Derek A.
  • SAE International Journal of Engines, Vol. 2, Issue 2, p. 24-39
  • DOI: 10.4271/2009-01-2647

Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Combustion in Light- and Heavy-Duty Engines
journal, April 2011

  • Kokjohn, Sage; Hanson, Reed; Splitter, Derek
  • SAE International Journal of Engines, Vol. 4, Issue 1, p. 360-374
  • DOI: 10.4271/2011-01-0357

Use of Detailed Kinetics and Advanced Chemistry-Solution Techniques in CFD to Investigate Dual-Fuel Engine Concepts
journal, April 2011

  • Puduppakkam, Karthik V.; Liang, Long; Naik, Chitralkumar V.
  • SAE International Journal of Engines, Vol. 4, Issue 1, p. 1127-1149
  • DOI: 10.4271/2011-01-0895

An Optical Investigation of Ignition Processes in Fuel Reactivity Controlled PCCI Combustion
journal, April 2010

  • Splitter, Derek; Kokjohn, Sage; Rein, Keith
  • SAE International Journal of Engines, Vol. 3, Issue 1, p. 142-162
  • DOI: 10.4271/2010-01-0345

High Efficiency, Low Emissions RCCI Combustion by Use of a Fuel Additive
journal, August 2010

  • Splitter, Derek; Reitz, Rolf D.; Hanson, Reed
  • SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, Vol. 3, Issue 2, p. 742-756
  • DOI: 10.4271/2010-01-2167