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Title: High-intensity double-pulse X-ray free-electron laser

Abstract

The X-ray free-electron laser has opened a new era for photon science, improving the X-ray brightness by ten orders of magnitude over previously available sources. Similar to an optical laser, the spectral and temporal structure of the radiation pulses can be tailored to the specific needs of many experiments by accurately manipulating the lasing medium, that is, the electron beam. Here we report the generation of mJ-level two-colour hard X-ray pulses of few femtoseconds duration with an XFEL driven by twin electron bunches at the Linac Coherent Light Source. This performance represents an improvement of over an order of magnitude in peak power over state-of-the-art two-colour XFELs. The unprecedented intensity and temporal coherence of this new two-colour X-ray free-electron laser enable an entirely new set of scientific applications, ranging from X-ray pump/X-ray probe experiments to the imaging of complex biological samples with multiple wavelength anomalous dispersion.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg (Germany)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (Untied States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1190324
Report Number(s):
AC02-76SF00515
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; ncomms7369
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Marinelli, A., Ratner, D., Lutman, A. A., Turner, J., Welch, J., Decker, F. J., Loos, H., Behrens, C., Gilevich, S., Miahnahri, A. A., Vetter, S., Maxwell, T. J., Ding, Y., Coffee, R., Wakatsuki, S., and Huang, Z. High-intensity double-pulse X-ray free-electron laser. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms7369.
Marinelli, A., Ratner, D., Lutman, A. A., Turner, J., Welch, J., Decker, F. J., Loos, H., Behrens, C., Gilevich, S., Miahnahri, A. A., Vetter, S., Maxwell, T. J., Ding, Y., Coffee, R., Wakatsuki, S., & Huang, Z. High-intensity double-pulse X-ray free-electron laser. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms7369.
Marinelli, A., Ratner, D., Lutman, A. A., Turner, J., Welch, J., Decker, F. J., Loos, H., Behrens, C., Gilevich, S., Miahnahri, A. A., Vetter, S., Maxwell, T. J., Ding, Y., Coffee, R., Wakatsuki, S., and Huang, Z. Fri . "High-intensity double-pulse X-ray free-electron laser". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms7369. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1190324.
@article{osti_1190324,
title = {High-intensity double-pulse X-ray free-electron laser},
author = {Marinelli, A. and Ratner, D. and Lutman, A. A. and Turner, J. and Welch, J. and Decker, F. J. and Loos, H. and Behrens, C. and Gilevich, S. and Miahnahri, A. A. and Vetter, S. and Maxwell, T. J. and Ding, Y. and Coffee, R. and Wakatsuki, S. and Huang, Z.},
abstractNote = {The X-ray free-electron laser has opened a new era for photon science, improving the X-ray brightness by ten orders of magnitude over previously available sources. Similar to an optical laser, the spectral and temporal structure of the radiation pulses can be tailored to the specific needs of many experiments by accurately manipulating the lasing medium, that is, the electron beam. Here we report the generation of mJ-level two-colour hard X-ray pulses of few femtoseconds duration with an XFEL driven by twin electron bunches at the Linac Coherent Light Source. This performance represents an improvement of over an order of magnitude in peak power over state-of-the-art two-colour XFELs. The unprecedented intensity and temporal coherence of this new two-colour X-ray free-electron laser enable an entirely new set of scientific applications, ranging from X-ray pump/X-ray probe experiments to the imaging of complex biological samples with multiple wavelength anomalous dispersion.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms7369},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 06 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Fri Mar 06 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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