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Title: Controlling porosity in lignin-derived nanoporous carbon for supercapacitor applications

Abstract

Low-cost renewable lignin has been used as a precursor to produce porous carbons. However, to date, it has not been easy to obtain high surface area porous carbon without activation processes or templating agents. Here, we demonstrate that low molecular weight lignin yields highly porous carbon (1092 m² g⁻¹) with more graphitization through direct carbonization without additional activation processes or templating agents. We found that molecular weight and oxygen consumption during carbonization are critical factors to obtain high surface area, graphitized porous carbons. This highly porous carbon from low-cost renewable lignin sources is a good candidate for supercapacitor electrode materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [7];  [5];  [2];  [5]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Washington State University, Richland, WA (United States)
  3. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX (United States)
  4. Washington Statte University, Richland, WA (United States)
  5. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States)
  6. Washington State University, Vancouver, WA (United States)
  7. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1184755
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401116
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-106038
Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; XGB-2-22204-01
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ChemSusChem
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; carbonization; lignin; porous carbon; supercapacitor; sustainable materials

Citation Formats

Jeon, Ju-Won, Zhang, Libing, Lutkenhaus, Jodie L., Laskar, Dhrubojyoti D., Lemmon, John P., Choi, Daiwon, Nandasiri, Manjula I., Hashmi, Ali, Xu, Jie, Motkuri, Radha K., Fernandez, Carlos A., Liu, Jian, Tucker, Melvin P., McGrail, Peter B., Yang, Bin, and Nune, Satish K. Controlling porosity in lignin-derived nanoporous carbon for supercapacitor applications. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/cssc.201402621.
Jeon, Ju-Won, Zhang, Libing, Lutkenhaus, Jodie L., Laskar, Dhrubojyoti D., Lemmon, John P., Choi, Daiwon, Nandasiri, Manjula I., Hashmi, Ali, Xu, Jie, Motkuri, Radha K., Fernandez, Carlos A., Liu, Jian, Tucker, Melvin P., McGrail, Peter B., Yang, Bin, & Nune, Satish K. Controlling porosity in lignin-derived nanoporous carbon for supercapacitor applications. United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201402621.
Jeon, Ju-Won, Zhang, Libing, Lutkenhaus, Jodie L., Laskar, Dhrubojyoti D., Lemmon, John P., Choi, Daiwon, Nandasiri, Manjula I., Hashmi, Ali, Xu, Jie, Motkuri, Radha K., Fernandez, Carlos A., Liu, Jian, Tucker, Melvin P., McGrail, Peter B., Yang, Bin, and Nune, Satish K. Sun . "Controlling porosity in lignin-derived nanoporous carbon for supercapacitor applications". United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201402621. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1184755.
@article{osti_1184755,
title = {Controlling porosity in lignin-derived nanoporous carbon for supercapacitor applications},
author = {Jeon, Ju-Won and Zhang, Libing and Lutkenhaus, Jodie L. and Laskar, Dhrubojyoti D. and Lemmon, John P. and Choi, Daiwon and Nandasiri, Manjula I. and Hashmi, Ali and Xu, Jie and Motkuri, Radha K. and Fernandez, Carlos A. and Liu, Jian and Tucker, Melvin P. and McGrail, Peter B. and Yang, Bin and Nune, Satish K.},
abstractNote = {Low-cost renewable lignin has been used as a precursor to produce porous carbons. However, to date, it has not been easy to obtain high surface area porous carbon without activation processes or templating agents. Here, we demonstrate that low molecular weight lignin yields highly porous carbon (1092 m² g⁻¹) with more graphitization through direct carbonization without additional activation processes or templating agents. We found that molecular weight and oxygen consumption during carbonization are critical factors to obtain high surface area, graphitized porous carbons. This highly porous carbon from low-cost renewable lignin sources is a good candidate for supercapacitor electrode materials.},
doi = {10.1002/cssc.201402621},
journal = {ChemSusChem},
number = 3,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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