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Title: The effect of venting on cookoff of a melt-castable explosive (Comp-B)

Abstract

Occasionally, our well-controlled cookoff experiments with Comp-B give anomalous results when venting conditions are changed. For example, a vented experiment may take longer to ignite than a sealed experiment. In the current work, we show the effect of venting on thermal ignition of Comp-B. We use Sandia’s Instrumented Thermal Ignition (SITI) experiment with various headspace volumes in both vented and sealed geometries to study ignition of Comp-B. In some of these experiments, we have used a boroscope to observe Comp-B as it melts and reacts. We propose that the mechanism for ignition involves TNT melting, dissolution of RDX, and complex bubbly liquid flow. High pressure inhibits bubble formation and flow is significantly reduced. At low pressure, a vigorous dispersed bubble flow was observed.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1184571
Report Number(s):
SAND-2014-19216J
Journal ID: ISSN 1347-9466; 540794
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science and Technology of Energetic Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 76; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1347-9466
Publisher:
Japan Explosives Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Comp-B; cookoff; sealed; vented; two-phrase reactive flow

Citation Formats

Hobbs, Michael L., and Kaneshige, Michael J. The effect of venting on cookoff of a melt-castable explosive (Comp-B). United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Hobbs, Michael L., & Kaneshige, Michael J. The effect of venting on cookoff of a melt-castable explosive (Comp-B). United States.
Hobbs, Michael L., and Kaneshige, Michael J. Sun . "The effect of venting on cookoff of a melt-castable explosive (Comp-B)". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1184571.
@article{osti_1184571,
title = {The effect of venting on cookoff of a melt-castable explosive (Comp-B)},
author = {Hobbs, Michael L. and Kaneshige, Michael J.},
abstractNote = {Occasionally, our well-controlled cookoff experiments with Comp-B give anomalous results when venting conditions are changed. For example, a vented experiment may take longer to ignite than a sealed experiment. In the current work, we show the effect of venting on thermal ignition of Comp-B. We use Sandia’s Instrumented Thermal Ignition (SITI) experiment with various headspace volumes in both vented and sealed geometries to study ignition of Comp-B. In some of these experiments, we have used a boroscope to observe Comp-B as it melts and reacts. We propose that the mechanism for ignition involves TNT melting, dissolution of RDX, and complex bubbly liquid flow. High pressure inhibits bubble formation and flow is significantly reduced. At low pressure, a vigorous dispersed bubble flow was observed.},
doi = {},
journal = {Science and Technology of Energetic Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 76,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

Journal Article:
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