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Title: Impact of Sequential Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) Pretreatment and Pelletization on the Moisture Sorption Properties of Corn Stover

Abstract

Combining ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX™) pretreatment with a depot processing facility is a promising option for delivering high-value densified biomass to the emerging bioenergy industry. However, because the pretreatment process results in a high moisture material unsuitable for pelleting or storage (40% wet basis), the biomass must be immediately dried. If AFEX pretreatment results in a material that is difficult to dry, the economics of this already costly operation would be at risk. This work tests the nature of moisture sorption isotherms and thin-layer drying behavior of corn (Zea mays L.) stover at 20°C to 60°C before and after sequential AFEX pretreatment and pelletization to determine whether any negative impacts to material drying or storage may result from the AFEX process. The equilibrium moisture content to equilibrium relative humidity relationship for each of the materials was determined using dynamic vapor sorption isotherms and modeled with modified Chung-Pfost, modified Halsey, and modified Henderson temperature-dependent models as well as the Double Log Polynomial (DLP), Peleg, and Guggenheim Anderson de Boer (GAB) temperature-independent models. Drying kinetics were quantified under thin-layer laboratory testing and modeled using the Modified Page's equation. Water activity isotherms for non-pelleted biomass were best modeled with the Peleg temperature-independent equationmore » while isotherms for the pelleted biomass were best modeled with the Double Log Polynomial equation. Thin-layer drying results were accurately modeled with the Modified Page's equation. The results of this work indicate that AFEX pretreatment results in drying properties more favorable than or equal to that of raw corn stover, and pellets of superior physical stability in storage.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Michigan Biotechnology Inst., Lansing, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1182219
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-14-33866
Journal ID: ISSN 0737-3937
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0005071
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Drying Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0737-3937
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; AFEX PRETREATMENT; CORN STOVER; DRYING KINETICS; PELLETED BIOMASS; WATER ACTIVITY

Citation Formats

Bonner, Ian J., Thompson, David N., Teymouri, Farzaneh, Campbell, Timothy, Bals, Bryan, and Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar. Impact of Sequential Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) Pretreatment and Pelletization on the Moisture Sorption Properties of Corn Stover. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1080/07373937.2015.1039127.
Bonner, Ian J., Thompson, David N., Teymouri, Farzaneh, Campbell, Timothy, Bals, Bryan, & Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar. Impact of Sequential Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) Pretreatment and Pelletization on the Moisture Sorption Properties of Corn Stover. United States. doi:10.1080/07373937.2015.1039127.
Bonner, Ian J., Thompson, David N., Teymouri, Farzaneh, Campbell, Timothy, Bals, Bryan, and Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar. Fri . "Impact of Sequential Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) Pretreatment and Pelletization on the Moisture Sorption Properties of Corn Stover". United States. doi:10.1080/07373937.2015.1039127.
@article{osti_1182219,
title = {Impact of Sequential Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) Pretreatment and Pelletization on the Moisture Sorption Properties of Corn Stover},
author = {Bonner, Ian J. and Thompson, David N. and Teymouri, Farzaneh and Campbell, Timothy and Bals, Bryan and Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar},
abstractNote = {Combining ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX™) pretreatment with a depot processing facility is a promising option for delivering high-value densified biomass to the emerging bioenergy industry. However, because the pretreatment process results in a high moisture material unsuitable for pelleting or storage (40% wet basis), the biomass must be immediately dried. If AFEX pretreatment results in a material that is difficult to dry, the economics of this already costly operation would be at risk. This work tests the nature of moisture sorption isotherms and thin-layer drying behavior of corn (Zea mays L.) stover at 20°C to 60°C before and after sequential AFEX pretreatment and pelletization to determine whether any negative impacts to material drying or storage may result from the AFEX process. The equilibrium moisture content to equilibrium relative humidity relationship for each of the materials was determined using dynamic vapor sorption isotherms and modeled with modified Chung-Pfost, modified Halsey, and modified Henderson temperature-dependent models as well as the Double Log Polynomial (DLP), Peleg, and Guggenheim Anderson de Boer (GAB) temperature-independent models. Drying kinetics were quantified under thin-layer laboratory testing and modeled using the Modified Page's equation. Water activity isotherms for non-pelleted biomass were best modeled with the Peleg temperature-independent equation while isotherms for the pelleted biomass were best modeled with the Double Log Polynomial equation. Thin-layer drying results were accurately modeled with the Modified Page's equation. The results of this work indicate that AFEX pretreatment results in drying properties more favorable than or equal to that of raw corn stover, and pellets of superior physical stability in storage.},
doi = {10.1080/07373937.2015.1039127},
journal = {Drying Technology},
issn = {0737-3937},
number = 8,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}