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Title: Fluctuations in the Dynamics of Glasses

Abstract

This research program addressed the question of the presence of dynamical heterogeneities – strong spatial fluctuations in the dynamics – in glass forming liquids and jamming systems near dynamical arrest, with particular emphasis on aging systems, i.e. systems that are in the (non-equilibrium) glass regime. The main goals proposed for this research were: to perform numerical simulations of atomistic structural glass models to characterize dynamical heterogeneities in out of equilibrium (aging) glassy systems; to test the hypothesis that a certain symmetry (“time reparametrization symmetry”) is present in microscopic models of glassy systems and that this symmetry can explain the main features of dynamical heterogeneities; and to test to what extent these phenomena are universal across different glassy/jamming systems. It was found that: most of the important features of dynamical heterogeneities in the aging regime could be described in terms of simple scaling behaviors; that some of the most basic theoretical models of glassy systems indeed have time reparametrization symmetry; that all tests performed in numerical simulation data were consistent with the predictions from time reparametrization symmetry; and that to a large degree, the main features of dynamical heterogeneities were universal across different glassy systems. Most of the findings that camemore » out of this research have been reported in detail in eight papers in high quality journals, two unpublished but publicly accessible manuscripts, and 27 invited and contributed talks.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Department of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Contributing Org.:
Gottingen Univ. (Germany); Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1179080
Report Number(s):
DOE-OHIOU-46300-1
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-06ER46300
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; glass; physical aging; jamming; granular system; glass transition; dynamical heterogeneity; soft modes; Goldstone modes; numerical simulations; fluctuations

Citation Formats

Castillo, Horacio E. Fluctuations in the Dynamics of Glasses. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1179080.
Castillo, Horacio E. Fluctuations in the Dynamics of Glasses. United States. doi:10.2172/1179080.
Castillo, Horacio E. Wed . "Fluctuations in the Dynamics of Glasses". United States. doi:10.2172/1179080. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1179080.
@article{osti_1179080,
title = {Fluctuations in the Dynamics of Glasses},
author = {Castillo, Horacio E.},
abstractNote = {This research program addressed the question of the presence of dynamical heterogeneities – strong spatial fluctuations in the dynamics – in glass forming liquids and jamming systems near dynamical arrest, with particular emphasis on aging systems, i.e. systems that are in the (non-equilibrium) glass regime. The main goals proposed for this research were: to perform numerical simulations of atomistic structural glass models to characterize dynamical heterogeneities in out of equilibrium (aging) glassy systems; to test the hypothesis that a certain symmetry (“time reparametrization symmetry”) is present in microscopic models of glassy systems and that this symmetry can explain the main features of dynamical heterogeneities; and to test to what extent these phenomena are universal across different glassy/jamming systems. It was found that: most of the important features of dynamical heterogeneities in the aging regime could be described in terms of simple scaling behaviors; that some of the most basic theoretical models of glassy systems indeed have time reparametrization symmetry; that all tests performed in numerical simulation data were consistent with the predictions from time reparametrization symmetry; and that to a large degree, the main features of dynamical heterogeneities were universal across different glassy systems. Most of the findings that came out of this research have been reported in detail in eight papers in high quality journals, two unpublished but publicly accessible manuscripts, and 27 invited and contributed talks.},
doi = {10.2172/1179080},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}