skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Coal-by-Rail. A Business-as-Usual Reference Case

 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Energy Policy and Systems Analysis
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Coal transport; coal forecasts; rail commodity shipment

Citation Formats

Mintz, Marianne, Saricks, Chris, and Vyas, Anant. Coal-by-Rail. A Business-as-Usual Reference Case. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1177589.
Mintz, Marianne, Saricks, Chris, & Vyas, Anant. Coal-by-Rail. A Business-as-Usual Reference Case. United States. doi:10.2172/1177589.
Mintz, Marianne, Saricks, Chris, and Vyas, Anant. 2015. "Coal-by-Rail. A Business-as-Usual Reference Case". United States. doi:10.2172/1177589.
title = {Coal-by-Rail. A Business-as-Usual Reference Case},
author = {Mintz, Marianne and Saricks, Chris and Vyas, Anant},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.2172/1177589},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 2

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • The video provides an overview of the national strategy for cleaning up and reducing hazardous waste. It describes the background and passage of CERCLA and RCRA legislation; the role of government, industry and the community in waste reduction; and available treatment technologies. Interviews with representatives from industry, environmental groups and government are included.
  • This report documents the Petroleum Allocation (PAL) Model which was developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The PAL Model simulates for business-as-usual (BAU) and disruption conditions the movements of petroleum from its sources of production, through conversion in refineries, to end-product demand regions where refined products are ultimately consumed. The model was developed primarily as a tool to study the impacts of hypothesized petroleum supply disruptions on the distribution of crudes and refined products in the world oil market. In addition to predicting how distribution patterns may change during a disruption withmore » no government intervention, the model also has the capability to model the flows of petroleum given that the International Energy Agency (IEA) Agreements are triggered. The first chapter provides for the nontechnical reader a general description of the PAL Model. In the chapters that follow, a detailed description of the formal rigorous structure of the major components of the PAL Model is provided for the technical audience. Chapter 2 describes the crude supply and refined-product demand sectors. The transportation and refinery components are described in Chapters 3 and 4, respectively. In Chapter 5, the PAL Model is documented as an integrated structure of the four major model components. Chapter 6 provides a detailed description of the various output tables generated by PAL. Chapter 7 contains a discussion of the procedures required to execute a business-as-usual (BAU) run. The procedure required to execute a disruption run is discussed in the final chapter. Appendix A contains a list of publications in which the PAL Model was used. Appendix B provides background on the MPS III programs used in the PAL Model. A description of the model's computer code is given in Appendix C. A technical audience is assumed for chapters 2-8 and the appendices. 24 figs., 43 tabs.« less
  • Increasing national attention is being directed toward the search for clean, efficient, and reliable energy-conversion systems, capable of using abundant indigenous fuels such as coal, for generation of utility electric power. A prime candidate in this area is the combined gas and steam (COGAS) system employing a high-temperature gas turbine with a steam-turbine bottoming cycle, fed by a coal gasifier. This program demonstrates the use of a logical and consistent venture-analysis methodology which could also be applied to investigate other high-technology, energy-conversion systems that have yet to reach a state of commercialization but which are of significant interest to themore » U.S. Government. The venture analysis was performed by using a computer to model the development, production, sales, and in-service development phases of programs necessary to introduce new gas turbines in COGAS systems. The simulations were produced in terms of estimated cash flows, rates of returns, and risks which a manufacturer would experience. Similar simulations were used to estimate public-sector benefits resulting from the lower cost of power and improved environment gained from the use of COGAS systems rather than conventional systems. The study shows that substantial social benefits could be realized and private investment would be made by the gas-turbine manufacturers if an infusion of external funds were made during key portions of the gas-turbine development program. It is shown that there is substantial precedent for such public assistance to make possible economic and environmental benefits that otherwise would not be possible. 42 references.« less
  • This volume summarizes the contract program and gives the conclusions. For detailed analysis of the program, see APAE--2483-7(Vol. 2), Private Sector and Public Sector Venture Studies, and APAE--2483-7(Vol. 3), Appendices.
  • This volume consists of seven appendices related to development of the combined gas and steam system (COGAS). The appendices are entitled: Venture Analysis Methodology; Gas Turbine Manufacturing Cost Computer Program; Diffusion Analysis; Multicompetitor Market Share Analysis; Theoretical Bases of Public Sector Venture Analysis Methods; Estimation of Benefits--Theoretical Benefits; Evaluating the Costs and Benefits of COGAS Technology. 31 references. (MCW)