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Title: Methods and electrolytes for electrodeposition of smooth films

Abstract

Electrodeposition involving an electrolyte having a surface-smoothing additive can result in self-healing, instead of self-amplification, of initial protuberant tips that give rise to roughness and/or dendrite formation on the substrate and/or film surface. For electrodeposition of a first conductive material (C1) on a substrate from one or more reactants in an electrolyte solution, the electrolyte solution is characterized by a surface-smoothing additive containing cations of a second conductive material (C2), wherein cations of C2 have an effective electrochemical reduction potential in the solution lower than that of the reactants.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1172756
Patent Number(s):
8,980,460
Application Number:
13/495,727
Assignee:
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA) PNNL
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2012 Jun 13
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Zhang, Jiguang, Xu, Wu, Graff, Gordon L, Chen, Xilin, Ding, Fei, and Shao, Yuyan. Methods and electrolytes for electrodeposition of smooth films. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Zhang, Jiguang, Xu, Wu, Graff, Gordon L, Chen, Xilin, Ding, Fei, & Shao, Yuyan. Methods and electrolytes for electrodeposition of smooth films. United States.
Zhang, Jiguang, Xu, Wu, Graff, Gordon L, Chen, Xilin, Ding, Fei, and Shao, Yuyan. Tue . "Methods and electrolytes for electrodeposition of smooth films". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1172756.
@article{osti_1172756,
title = {Methods and electrolytes for electrodeposition of smooth films},
author = {Zhang, Jiguang and Xu, Wu and Graff, Gordon L and Chen, Xilin and Ding, Fei and Shao, Yuyan},
abstractNote = {Electrodeposition involving an electrolyte having a surface-smoothing additive can result in self-healing, instead of self-amplification, of initial protuberant tips that give rise to roughness and/or dendrite formation on the substrate and/or film surface. For electrodeposition of a first conductive material (C1) on a substrate from one or more reactants in an electrolyte solution, the electrolyte solution is characterized by a surface-smoothing additive containing cations of a second conductive material (C2), wherein cations of C2 have an effective electrochemical reduction potential in the solution lower than that of the reactants.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Mar 17 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Tue Mar 17 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

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