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Title: Energy Efficiency in Small Server Rooms: Field Surveys and Findings

Abstract

Fifty-seven percent of US servers are housed in server closets, server rooms, and localized data centers, in what are commonly referred to as small server rooms, which comprise 99percent of all server spaces in the US. While many mid-tier and enterprise-class data centers are owned by large corporations that consider energy efficiency a goal to minimize business operating costs, small server rooms typically are not similarly motivated. They are characterized by decentralized ownership and management and come in many configurations, which creates a unique set of efficiency challenges. To develop energy efficiency strategies for these spaces, we surveyed 30 small server rooms across eight institutions, and selected four of them for detailed assessments. The four rooms had Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) values ranging from 1.5 to 2.1. Energy saving opportunities ranged from no- to low-cost measures such as raising cooling set points and better airflow management, to more involved but cost-effective measures including server consolidation and virtualization, and dedicated cooling with economizers. We found that inefficiencies mainly resulted from organizational rather than technical issues. Because of the inherent space and resource limitations, the most effective measure is to operate servers through energy-efficient cloud-based services or well-managed larger data centers, rathermore » than server rooms. Backup power requirement, and IT and cooling efficiency should be evaluated to minimize energy waste in the server space. Utility programs are instrumental in raising awareness and spreading technical knowledge on server operation, and the implementation of energy efficiency measures in small server rooms.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ; ; ;
  1. Hoi
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1172646
Report Number(s):
LBNL-6952E
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2014 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Pacific Grove, CA , 08/17/2014
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; Energy, Energy Efficiency, Server Rooms

Citation Formats

Cheung, Iris, Greenberg, Steve, Mahdavi, Roozbeh, Brown, Richard, and Tschudi, William. Energy Efficiency in Small Server Rooms: Field Surveys and Findings. United States: N. p., 2014. Web.
Cheung, Iris, Greenberg, Steve, Mahdavi, Roozbeh, Brown, Richard, & Tschudi, William. Energy Efficiency in Small Server Rooms: Field Surveys and Findings. United States.
Cheung, Iris, Greenberg, Steve, Mahdavi, Roozbeh, Brown, Richard, and Tschudi, William. Mon . "Energy Efficiency in Small Server Rooms: Field Surveys and Findings". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1172646.
@article{osti_1172646,
title = {Energy Efficiency in Small Server Rooms: Field Surveys and Findings},
author = {Cheung, Iris and Greenberg, Steve and Mahdavi, Roozbeh and Brown, Richard and Tschudi, William},
abstractNote = {Fifty-seven percent of US servers are housed in server closets, server rooms, and localized data centers, in what are commonly referred to as small server rooms, which comprise 99percent of all server spaces in the US. While many mid-tier and enterprise-class data centers are owned by large corporations that consider energy efficiency a goal to minimize business operating costs, small server rooms typically are not similarly motivated. They are characterized by decentralized ownership and management and come in many configurations, which creates a unique set of efficiency challenges. To develop energy efficiency strategies for these spaces, we surveyed 30 small server rooms across eight institutions, and selected four of them for detailed assessments. The four rooms had Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) values ranging from 1.5 to 2.1. Energy saving opportunities ranged from no- to low-cost measures such as raising cooling set points and better airflow management, to more involved but cost-effective measures including server consolidation and virtualization, and dedicated cooling with economizers. We found that inefficiencies mainly resulted from organizational rather than technical issues. Because of the inherent space and resource limitations, the most effective measure is to operate servers through energy-efficient cloud-based services or well-managed larger data centers, rather than server rooms. Backup power requirement, and IT and cooling efficiency should be evaluated to minimize energy waste in the server space. Utility programs are instrumental in raising awareness and spreading technical knowledge on server operation, and the implementation of energy efficiency measures in small server rooms.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Aug 11 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Aug 11 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}

Conference:
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