skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Novel membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cell operation above 120°C. Final report for period October 1, 1998 to December 31, 1999

Abstract

In this project we investigated the experimental performance of three new classes of membranes, composites of perfluorosulfonic acid polymers with heteropolyacides, hydrated oxides and fast proton conducting glasses, which are promising candidates as electrolytes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), capable of operation at temperatures above 120°C. The motivations for PEMFC's operation at this temperature are to: 1) minimize the CO poisoning problem (adsorption of CO onto the platinum catalyst is greatly reduced at these temperatures), 2) find better solutions for the water and thermal management problems in proton exchange membrane fuel cells, 3) find potentially lower cost materials for proton exchange membranes. We prepared and characterized a variety of novel membrane materials. The most promising of these have been evaluated for performance in a single, small area (5cm 2) fuel cell run on hydrogen and oxygen. Our results establish the technical feasibility of PEMFC operation above 120°C.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1172224
DOE Contract Number:  
FC02-98EE50535
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Citation Formats

Srinivasan, Supramaniam, Lee, Seung-Jae, Costamagna, Paola, Yang, Christopher, Adjemian, Kevork, Bocarsly, Andrew, Ogden, Joan M., and Benziger, Jay. Novel membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cell operation above 120°C. Final report for period October 1, 1998 to December 31, 1999. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/1172224.
Srinivasan, Supramaniam, Lee, Seung-Jae, Costamagna, Paola, Yang, Christopher, Adjemian, Kevork, Bocarsly, Andrew, Ogden, Joan M., & Benziger, Jay. Novel membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cell operation above 120°C. Final report for period October 1, 1998 to December 31, 1999. United States. doi:10.2172/1172224.
Srinivasan, Supramaniam, Lee, Seung-Jae, Costamagna, Paola, Yang, Christopher, Adjemian, Kevork, Bocarsly, Andrew, Ogden, Joan M., and Benziger, Jay. Mon . "Novel membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cell operation above 120°C. Final report for period October 1, 1998 to December 31, 1999". United States. doi:10.2172/1172224. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1172224.
@article{osti_1172224,
title = {Novel membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cell operation above 120°C. Final report for period October 1, 1998 to December 31, 1999},
author = {Srinivasan, Supramaniam and Lee, Seung-Jae and Costamagna, Paola and Yang, Christopher and Adjemian, Kevork and Bocarsly, Andrew and Ogden, Joan M. and Benziger, Jay},
abstractNote = {In this project we investigated the experimental performance of three new classes of membranes, composites of perfluorosulfonic acid polymers with heteropolyacides, hydrated oxides and fast proton conducting glasses, which are promising candidates as electrolytes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), capable of operation at temperatures above 120°C. The motivations for PEMFC's operation at this temperature are to: 1) minimize the CO poisoning problem (adsorption of CO onto the platinum catalyst is greatly reduced at these temperatures), 2) find better solutions for the water and thermal management problems in proton exchange membrane fuel cells, 3) find potentially lower cost materials for proton exchange membranes. We prepared and characterized a variety of novel membrane materials. The most promising of these have been evaluated for performance in a single, small area (5cm2) fuel cell run on hydrogen and oxygen. Our results establish the technical feasibility of PEMFC operation above 120°C.},
doi = {10.2172/1172224},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}