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Title: Experiments to measure ablative Richtmyer-Meshkov growth of Gaussian bumps in plastic capsules

Abstract

Growth of hydrodynamic instabilities at the interfaces of inertial confinement fusion capsules (ICF) due to ablator and fuel non-uniformities have been of primary concern to the ICF program since its inception. To achieve thermonuclear ignition at Megajoule class laser systems such as the NIF, targets must be designed for high implosion velocities, which requires higher in-flight aspect ratios (IFAR) and diminished shell stability. Controlling capsule perturbations is thus of the utmost importance. Recent simulations have shown that features on the outer surface of an ICF capsule as small as 10 microns wide and 100's of nanometers tall such as bumps, divots, or even dust particles can profoundly impact capsule performance by leading to material jetting or mix into the hotspot. Recent x-ray images of implosions on the NIF may be evidence of such mixing. Unfortunately, our ability to accurately predict these effects is uncertain due to disagreement between equation of state (EOS) models. In light of this, we have begun a campaign to measure the growth of isolated defects (Gaussian bumps) due to ablative Richtmyer-Meshkov in CH capsules to validate these models. The platform that has been developed uses halfraums with radiation temperatures near 75 eV (Rev. 4 foot-level) drivenmore » by 15-20 beams from the Omega laser (Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, NY), which sends a ~2.5 Mbar shock into a planar CH foil. Gaussian-shaped bumps (20 microns wide, 4-7 microns tall) are deposited onto the ablation side of the target. On-axis radiography with a saran (Cl He α - 2.8 keV) backlighter is used to measure bump evolution prior to shock breakout. Shock speed measurements will also be made with Omega's active shock breakout (ASBO) and streaked optical pyrometery (SOP) diagnostics in conjunction with filtered x-ray photodiode arrays (DANTE) to determine drive conditions in the target. These data will be used to discriminate between EOS models so that one may be selected to design the shape and intensity of the foot in an ignition-level drive pulse so that bump amplitude is minimized by the time the shell begins to accelerate.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory
  2. LLE
  3. LLNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1172216
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-10-03731; LA-UR-10-3731
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 40. Annual Anomalous Absorption Conference, Snowmass Villiage, CO (United States), 13-18 Jun 2010; Related Information: Powerpoint presentation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Loomis, Eric, Batha, Steve, Sedillo, Tom, Evans, Scott, Sorce, Chuck, Landen, Otto, and Braun, Dave. Experiments to measure ablative Richtmyer-Meshkov growth of Gaussian bumps in plastic capsules. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Loomis, Eric, Batha, Steve, Sedillo, Tom, Evans, Scott, Sorce, Chuck, Landen, Otto, & Braun, Dave. Experiments to measure ablative Richtmyer-Meshkov growth of Gaussian bumps in plastic capsules. United States.
Loomis, Eric, Batha, Steve, Sedillo, Tom, Evans, Scott, Sorce, Chuck, Landen, Otto, and Braun, Dave. Wed . "Experiments to measure ablative Richtmyer-Meshkov growth of Gaussian bumps in plastic capsules". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1172216.
@article{osti_1172216,
title = {Experiments to measure ablative Richtmyer-Meshkov growth of Gaussian bumps in plastic capsules},
author = {Loomis, Eric and Batha, Steve and Sedillo, Tom and Evans, Scott and Sorce, Chuck and Landen, Otto and Braun, Dave},
abstractNote = {Growth of hydrodynamic instabilities at the interfaces of inertial confinement fusion capsules (ICF) due to ablator and fuel non-uniformities have been of primary concern to the ICF program since its inception. To achieve thermonuclear ignition at Megajoule class laser systems such as the NIF, targets must be designed for high implosion velocities, which requires higher in-flight aspect ratios (IFAR) and diminished shell stability. Controlling capsule perturbations is thus of the utmost importance. Recent simulations have shown that features on the outer surface of an ICF capsule as small as 10 microns wide and 100's of nanometers tall such as bumps, divots, or even dust particles can profoundly impact capsule performance by leading to material jetting or mix into the hotspot. Recent x-ray images of implosions on the NIF may be evidence of such mixing. Unfortunately, our ability to accurately predict these effects is uncertain due to disagreement between equation of state (EOS) models. In light of this, we have begun a campaign to measure the growth of isolated defects (Gaussian bumps) due to ablative Richtmyer-Meshkov in CH capsules to validate these models. The platform that has been developed uses halfraums with radiation temperatures near 75 eV (Rev. 4 foot-level) driven by 15-20 beams from the Omega laser (Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, NY), which sends a ~2.5 Mbar shock into a planar CH foil. Gaussian-shaped bumps (20 microns wide, 4-7 microns tall) are deposited onto the ablation side of the target. On-axis radiography with a saran (Cl Heα - 2.8 keV) backlighter is used to measure bump evolution prior to shock breakout. Shock speed measurements will also be made with Omega's active shock breakout (ASBO) and streaked optical pyrometery (SOP) diagnostics in conjunction with filtered x-ray photodiode arrays (DANTE) to determine drive conditions in the target. These data will be used to discriminate between EOS models so that one may be selected to design the shape and intensity of the foot in an ignition-level drive pulse so that bump amplitude is minimized by the time the shell begins to accelerate.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 02 00:00:00 EDT 2010},
month = {Wed Jun 02 00:00:00 EDT 2010}
}

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