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Title: Structure and stabilization of hydrogen-rich transverse jets in a vitiated turbulent flow

Abstract

This paper reports the results of a joint experimental and numerical study of the ow characteristics and flame stabilization of a hydrogen rich jet injected normal to a turbulent, vitiated cross ow of lean methane combustion products. Simultaneous high-speed stereoscopic PIV and OH PLIF measurements were obtained and analyzed alongside three-dimensional direct numerical simulations of inert and reacting JICF with detailed H2/CO chemistry. Both the experiment and the simulation reveal that, contrary to most previous studies of reacting JICF stabilized in low-to-moderate temperature air cross ow, the present conditions lead to an autoigniting, burner-attached flame that initiates uniformly around the burner edge. Significant asymmetry is observed, however, between the reaction zones located on the windward and leeward sides of the jet, due to the substantially different scalar dissipation rates. The windward reaction zone is much thinner in the near field, while also exhibiting significantly higher local and global heat release than the much broader reaction zone found on the leeward side of the jet. The unsteady dynamics of the windward shear layer, which largely control the important jet/cross flow mixing processes in that region, are explored in order to elucidate the important flow stability implications arising in the reacting JICF.more » Vorticity spectra extracted from the windward shear layer reveal that the reacting jet is globally unstable and features two high frequency peaks, including a fundamental mode whose Strouhal number of ~0.7 agrees well with previous non-reacting JICF stability studies. The paper concludes with an analysis of the ignition, ame stabilization, and global structure of the burner-attached flame. Chemical explosive mode analysis (CEMA) shows that the entire windward shear layer, and a large region on the leeward side of the jet, are highly explosive prior to ignition and are dominated by non-premixed flame structures after ignition. The predominantly mixing limited nature of the flow after ignition is confirmed by computing the Takeno flame index, which shows that ~70% of the heat release occurs in non-premixed regions.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1171424
Report Number(s):
SAND2014-16144R
533203
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; DNS; experiment; transverse jet; vitiated crossflow

Citation Formats

Lyra, Sgouria, Wilde, B, Kolla, Hemanth, Seitzman, J., Lieuwen, T. C., and Chen, Jacqueline H. Structure and stabilization of hydrogen-rich transverse jets in a vitiated turbulent flow. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.2172/1171424.
Lyra, Sgouria, Wilde, B, Kolla, Hemanth, Seitzman, J., Lieuwen, T. C., & Chen, Jacqueline H. Structure and stabilization of hydrogen-rich transverse jets in a vitiated turbulent flow. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1171424
Lyra, Sgouria, Wilde, B, Kolla, Hemanth, Seitzman, J., Lieuwen, T. C., and Chen, Jacqueline H. 2014. "Structure and stabilization of hydrogen-rich transverse jets in a vitiated turbulent flow". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1171424. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1171424.
@article{osti_1171424,
title = {Structure and stabilization of hydrogen-rich transverse jets in a vitiated turbulent flow},
author = {Lyra, Sgouria and Wilde, B and Kolla, Hemanth and Seitzman, J. and Lieuwen, T. C. and Chen, Jacqueline H.},
abstractNote = {This paper reports the results of a joint experimental and numerical study of the ow characteristics and flame stabilization of a hydrogen rich jet injected normal to a turbulent, vitiated cross ow of lean methane combustion products. Simultaneous high-speed stereoscopic PIV and OH PLIF measurements were obtained and analyzed alongside three-dimensional direct numerical simulations of inert and reacting JICF with detailed H2/CO chemistry. Both the experiment and the simulation reveal that, contrary to most previous studies of reacting JICF stabilized in low-to-moderate temperature air cross ow, the present conditions lead to an autoigniting, burner-attached flame that initiates uniformly around the burner edge. Significant asymmetry is observed, however, between the reaction zones located on the windward and leeward sides of the jet, due to the substantially different scalar dissipation rates. The windward reaction zone is much thinner in the near field, while also exhibiting significantly higher local and global heat release than the much broader reaction zone found on the leeward side of the jet. The unsteady dynamics of the windward shear layer, which largely control the important jet/cross flow mixing processes in that region, are explored in order to elucidate the important flow stability implications arising in the reacting JICF. Vorticity spectra extracted from the windward shear layer reveal that the reacting jet is globally unstable and features two high frequency peaks, including a fundamental mode whose Strouhal number of ~0.7 agrees well with previous non-reacting JICF stability studies. The paper concludes with an analysis of the ignition, ame stabilization, and global structure of the burner-attached flame. Chemical explosive mode analysis (CEMA) shows that the entire windward shear layer, and a large region on the leeward side of the jet, are highly explosive prior to ignition and are dominated by non-premixed flame structures after ignition. The predominantly mixing limited nature of the flow after ignition is confirmed by computing the Takeno flame index, which shows that ~70% of the heat release occurs in non-premixed regions.},
doi = {10.2172/1171424},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1171424}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {7}
}