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Title: Radioiodine sorption/desorption and speciation transformation by subsurface sediments from the Hanford Site

Abstract

During the last few decades, considerable research efforts have been extended to identify more effective remediation treatment technologies to lower the 129I concentrations to below federal drinking water standards at the Hanford Site (Richland, USA). Few studies have taken iodate into consideration, though recently iodate, instead of iodide, was identified as the major species in the groundwater of 200-West Area within the Hanford Site. The objective of this study was thus to quantify and understand aqueous radioiodine species transformations and uptake by three sediments collected from the semiarid, carbonate-rich environment of the Hanford subsurface. All three sediments reduced iodate (IO-) to iodide (I-), but the loamy-sand sediment reduced more IO3- (100% reduced within 7 days) than the two sand-textured sediments (~20% reduced after 28 days). No dissolved organo-iodine species were observed in any of these studies.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1167597
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-94653
830403000
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139:43-55
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
IODINE; IODATES; IODIDES; SORPTION; iodine; iodate; iodide; organic carbon; sorption

Citation Formats

Xu, Chen, Kaplan, Daniel I., Zhang, Saijin, Athon, Matthew, Ho, Yi-Fang, Li, Hsiu-Ping, Yeager, Chris, Schwehr, Kathy, Grandbois, Russell, Wellman, Dawn M., and Santschi, Peter H.. Radioiodine sorption/desorption and speciation transformation by subsurface sediments from the Hanford Site. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.09.012.
Xu, Chen, Kaplan, Daniel I., Zhang, Saijin, Athon, Matthew, Ho, Yi-Fang, Li, Hsiu-Ping, Yeager, Chris, Schwehr, Kathy, Grandbois, Russell, Wellman, Dawn M., & Santschi, Peter H.. Radioiodine sorption/desorption and speciation transformation by subsurface sediments from the Hanford Site. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.09.012.
Xu, Chen, Kaplan, Daniel I., Zhang, Saijin, Athon, Matthew, Ho, Yi-Fang, Li, Hsiu-Ping, Yeager, Chris, Schwehr, Kathy, Grandbois, Russell, Wellman, Dawn M., and Santschi, Peter H.. Thu . "Radioiodine sorption/desorption and speciation transformation by subsurface sediments from the Hanford Site". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.09.012.
@article{osti_1167597,
title = {Radioiodine sorption/desorption and speciation transformation by subsurface sediments from the Hanford Site},
author = {Xu, Chen and Kaplan, Daniel I. and Zhang, Saijin and Athon, Matthew and Ho, Yi-Fang and Li, Hsiu-Ping and Yeager, Chris and Schwehr, Kathy and Grandbois, Russell and Wellman, Dawn M. and Santschi, Peter H.},
abstractNote = {During the last few decades, considerable research efforts have been extended to identify more effective remediation treatment technologies to lower the 129I concentrations to below federal drinking water standards at the Hanford Site (Richland, USA). Few studies have taken iodate into consideration, though recently iodate, instead of iodide, was identified as the major species in the groundwater of 200-West Area within the Hanford Site. The objective of this study was thus to quantify and understand aqueous radioiodine species transformations and uptake by three sediments collected from the semiarid, carbonate-rich environment of the Hanford subsurface. All three sediments reduced iodate (IO-) to iodide (I-), but the loamy-sand sediment reduced more IO3- (100% reduced within 7 days) than the two sand-textured sediments (~20% reduced after 28 days). No dissolved organo-iodine species were observed in any of these studies.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.09.012},
journal = {Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139:43-55},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}