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Title: Kinetic Simulations of the Self-Focusing and Dissipation of Finite-Width Electron Plasma Waves

Abstract

Two-dimensional simulations, both Vlasov and particle-in-cell, are presented that show the evolution of the field and electron distribution of finite-width, nonlinear electron plasma waves. The intrinsically intertwined effects of self-focusing and dissipation of field energy caused by electron trapping are studied in simulated systems that are hundreds of wavelengths long in the transverse direction but only one wavelength long and periodic in the propagation direction. From various initial wave states, both the width at focus Δm relative to the initial width Δ0 and the maximum field amplitude at focus are shown to be a function of the growth rate of the transverse modulational instability γ TPMI divided by the loss rate of field energy ν E to electrons escaping the trapping region. With dissipation included, an amplitude threshold for self-focusing γ TPMIE~1 is found that supports the analysis of Rose [Phys. Plasmas 12, 012318 (2005)].

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Federal Inst. of Technology, Lausanne (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1165748
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters; Journal Volume: 111; Journal Issue: 10
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; VLASOV; ELECTRON PLASMA WAVES

Citation Formats

Winjum, B. J., Berger, R. L., Chapman, T., Banks, J. W., and Brunner, S. Kinetic Simulations of the Self-Focusing and Dissipation of Finite-Width Electron Plasma Waves. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.105002.
Winjum, B. J., Berger, R. L., Chapman, T., Banks, J. W., & Brunner, S. Kinetic Simulations of the Self-Focusing and Dissipation of Finite-Width Electron Plasma Waves. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.105002.
Winjum, B. J., Berger, R. L., Chapman, T., Banks, J. W., and Brunner, S. Sun . "Kinetic Simulations of the Self-Focusing and Dissipation of Finite-Width Electron Plasma Waves". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.105002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1165748.
@article{osti_1165748,
title = {Kinetic Simulations of the Self-Focusing and Dissipation of Finite-Width Electron Plasma Waves},
author = {Winjum, B. J. and Berger, R. L. and Chapman, T. and Banks, J. W. and Brunner, S.},
abstractNote = {Two-dimensional simulations, both Vlasov and particle-in-cell, are presented that show the evolution of the field and electron distribution of finite-width, nonlinear electron plasma waves. The intrinsically intertwined effects of self-focusing and dissipation of field energy caused by electron trapping are studied in simulated systems that are hundreds of wavelengths long in the transverse direction but only one wavelength long and periodic in the propagation direction. From various initial wave states, both the width at focus Δm relative to the initial width Δ0 and the maximum field amplitude at focus are shown to be a function of the growth rate of the transverse modulational instability γTPMI divided by the loss rate of field energy νE to electrons escaping the trapping region. With dissipation included, an amplitude threshold for self-focusing γTPMI/νE~1 is found that supports the analysis of Rose [Phys. Plasmas 12, 012318 (2005)].},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.105002},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 10,
volume = 111,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2013},
month = {Sun Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2013}
}