```
Chang, Ouliang, Gary, S. Peter, and Wang, Joseph.
```*Whistler turbulence forward vs. inverse cascade. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations*. United States: N. p., 2015.
Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/800/2/87.

```
Chang, Ouliang, Gary, S. Peter, & Wang, Joseph.
```*Whistler turbulence forward vs. inverse cascade. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations*. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/800/2/87.

```
Chang, Ouliang, Gary, S. Peter, and Wang, Joseph. 2015.
"Whistler turbulence forward vs. inverse cascade. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations". United States.
doi:10.1088/0004-637X/800/2/87. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1165180.
```

```
@article{osti_1165180,
```

title = {Whistler turbulence forward vs. inverse cascade. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations},

author = {Chang, Ouliang and Gary, S. Peter and Wang, Joseph},

abstractNote = {In this study, we present the results of the first fully three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of decaying whistler turbulence in a magnetized, homogeneous, collisionless plasma in which both forward cascades to shorter wavelengths, and inverse cascades to longer wavelengths are allowed to proceed. For the electron beta βe = 0.10 initial value considered here, the early-time rate of inverse cascade is very much smaller than the rate of forward cascade, so that at late times the fluctuation energy in the regime of the inverse cascade is much weaker than that in the forward cascade regime. Similarly, the wavevector anisotropy in the inverse cascade regime is much weaker than that in the forward cascade regime.},

doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/800/2/87},

journal = {The Astrophysical Journal},

number = 2,

volume = 800,

place = {United States},

year = 2015,

month = 2

}