skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Plutonium Adsorption and Desorption from Bentonite: Progress Report FT-14LL0807071

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1162237
Report Number(s):
LLNL-TR-659075
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES AND NON-RACIOACTIVE WASTER FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES

Citation Formats

Begg, J D, Zavarin, M, Tumey, S J, and Kersting, A B. Plutonium Adsorption and Desorption from Bentonite: Progress Report FT-14LL0807071. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.2172/1162237.
Begg, J D, Zavarin, M, Tumey, S J, & Kersting, A B. Plutonium Adsorption and Desorption from Bentonite: Progress Report FT-14LL0807071. United States. doi:10.2172/1162237.
Begg, J D, Zavarin, M, Tumey, S J, and Kersting, A B. Tue . "Plutonium Adsorption and Desorption from Bentonite: Progress Report FT-14LL0807071". United States. doi:10.2172/1162237. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1162237.
@article{osti_1162237,
title = {Plutonium Adsorption and Desorption from Bentonite: Progress Report FT-14LL0807071},
author = {Begg, J D and Zavarin, M and Tumey, S J and Kersting, A B},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.2172/1162237},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Aug 05 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Tue Aug 05 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • Research accomplishments during the report period include the following: study of the transport of methane in helium at concentrations from 34 to 100 ppM through an activated carbon adsorber bed; generation of adsorption data for methane, acetylene, and ethane at 25/sup 0/C for concentrations from 50 ppM to 10,000 ppM; generation of adsorption capacities at 25/sup 0/C and correlation of the adsorption isotherm for propane at 25/sup 0/C; study of the transmission of ethane and the asymptotic concentration profile; measurement of the adsorption capacities of ethane and acetylene at 30/sup 0/C; measurement of the transmission of positive pulses by methanemore » and acetylene for concentrations below 100 ppM; adsorption of binary mixtures.« less
  • Research accomplishments during the report period include the following: (1) Studies of the transport of ethane-propane mixtures on activated carbon at 25/sup 0/C. (2) Potential theory correlation of adsorption data for acetylene-ethane mixtures on activated carbon at 25/sup 0/C. (3) Studies of the adsorption of propane and n-butane on porous crosslinked polystyrene beads at 25 and 30/sup 0/C. (4) Derivation of a general formula for the heat of adsorption on a heterogeneous surface. (5) Measurements of the transmission of a rectangular pulse input and a determination of the intraparticle diffusion coefficient. (6) Derivation of an analytic solution for the transmissionmore » of an adsorbate through a packed bed with intraparticle diffusion and with a first-order reaction. (7) A method for determining the viscosity and the second virial coefficient of gases and the effect of liquid-phase diffusional resistance in chromatography measurements. (8) Construction of a low-temperature bath.« less
  • Research accomplishments during the report period include the following: (1) Measurements of the transmission of argon on activated carbon at 0 and 40/sup 0/C, and extraction of the longitudinal and solid-phase diffusion coefficients by the moment-analysis method. (2) Design of an experiment to measure the transmission of radioactive argon-41 at the 2 megawatt research reactor at University of Michigan. (3) Measurements of the transmission of radioactive argon-41 on activated carbon at 0/sup 0/C. (4) Derivations of expressions for the steady-state transmission and the first-order moment of a transmission curve for a step-function increase in the input concentration of an adsorbatemore » flowing through an adsorber bed characterized by both solid- and gas-phase diffusion, mass-transfer resistance, and a first-order chemical reaction. (5) Analysis of the transmission of three binary mixtures (viz., propane and n-butane at 0 and 25/sup 0/C, and n-butane and 1,3-butadiene at 25/sup 0/C) on cross-linked polystyrene.« less