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Title: Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios

Abstract

Flat beams—beams with asymmetric transverse emittances—have important applications in novel light-source concepts and advanced-acceleration schemes and could possibly alleviate the need for damping rings in lepton colliders. Over the last decade, a flat beam generation technique based on the conversion of an angular-momentum-dominated beam was proposed and experimentally tested. In this paper we explore the production of compressed flat beams. We especially investigate and optimize the flat beam transformation for beams with substantial fractional energy spread. We use as a simulation example the photoinjector of Fermilab’s Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator. The optimizations of the flat beam generation and compression at Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator were done via start-to-end numerical simulations for bunch charges of 3.2 nC, 1.0 nC, and 20 pC at ~37 MeV. The optimized emittances of flat beams with different bunch charges were found to be 0.25 μm (emittance ratio is ~400), 0.13 μm, 15 nm before compression, and 0.41 μm, 0.20 μm, 16 nm after full compression, respectively, with peak currents as high as 5.5 kA for a 3.2-nC flat beam. These parameters are consistent with requirements needed to excite wakefields in asymmetric dielectric-lined waveguides or produce significant photon flux using small-gap micro-undulators.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Fermilab; Institute of Fluid Physics, CAEP, China
  2. Northern Illinois University; Fermilab
  3. Northern Illinois University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1162134
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-14-103-AD-APC
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402; PRABFM; ArticleNumber: 084401; arXiv eprint number arXiv:1409.1960
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; FG02-08ER41532
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams; Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 8
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
High Energy Physics; HEP

Citation Formats

Zhu, J., Piot, P., Mihalcea, D., and Prokop, C. R. Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.084401.
Zhu, J., Piot, P., Mihalcea, D., & Prokop, C. R. Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.084401.
Zhu, J., Piot, P., Mihalcea, D., and Prokop, C. R. Fri . "Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.084401. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1162134.
@article{osti_1162134,
title = {Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios},
author = {Zhu, J. and Piot, P. and Mihalcea, D. and Prokop, C. R.},
abstractNote = {Flat beams—beams with asymmetric transverse emittances—have important applications in novel light-source concepts and advanced-acceleration schemes and could possibly alleviate the need for damping rings in lepton colliders. Over the last decade, a flat beam generation technique based on the conversion of an angular-momentum-dominated beam was proposed and experimentally tested. In this paper we explore the production of compressed flat beams. We especially investigate and optimize the flat beam transformation for beams with substantial fractional energy spread. We use as a simulation example the photoinjector of Fermilab’s Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator. The optimizations of the flat beam generation and compression at Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator were done via start-to-end numerical simulations for bunch charges of 3.2 nC, 1.0 nC, and 20 pC at ~37 MeV. The optimized emittances of flat beams with different bunch charges were found to be 0.25 μm (emittance ratio is ~400), 0.13 μm, 15 nm before compression, and 0.41 μm, 0.20 μm, 16 nm after full compression, respectively, with peak currents as high as 5.5 kA for a 3.2-nC flat beam. These parameters are consistent with requirements needed to excite wakefields in asymmetric dielectric-lined waveguides or produce significant photon flux using small-gap micro-undulators.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.084401},
journal = {Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams},
number = 8,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Fri Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}