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Title: Accelerating Acceptance of Fuel Cell Backup Power Systems - Final Report

Abstract

Since 2001, Plug Power has installed more than 800 stationary fuel cell systems worldwide. Plug Power’s prime power systems have produced approximately 6.5 million kilowatt hours of electricity and have accumulated more than 2.5 million operating hours. Intermittent, or backup, power products have been deployed with telecommunications carriers and government and utility customers in North and South America, Europe, the United Kingdom, Japan and South Africa. Some of the largest material handling operations in North America are currently using the company’s motive power units in fuel cell-powered forklifts for their warehouses, distribution centers and manufacturing facilities. The low-temperature GenSys fuel cell system provides remote, off-grid and primary power where grid power is unreliable or nonexistent. Built reliable and designed rugged, low- temperature GenSys delivers continuous or backup power through even the most extreme conditions. Coupled with high-efficiency ratings, low-temperature GenSys reduces operating costs making it an economical solution for prime power requirements. Currently, field trials at telecommunication and industrial sites across the globe are proving the advantages of fuel cells—lower maintenance, fuel costs and emissions, as well as longer life—compared with traditional internal combustion engines.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Plug Power
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1160149
Report Number(s):
DOE-PLUG-EE0000488
DOE Contract Number:
EE0000488
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Petrecky, James, and Ashley, Christopher. Accelerating Acceptance of Fuel Cell Backup Power Systems - Final Report. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.2172/1160149.
Petrecky, James, & Ashley, Christopher. Accelerating Acceptance of Fuel Cell Backup Power Systems - Final Report. United States. doi:10.2172/1160149.
Petrecky, James, and Ashley, Christopher. Mon . "Accelerating Acceptance of Fuel Cell Backup Power Systems - Final Report". United States. doi:10.2172/1160149. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1160149.
@article{osti_1160149,
title = {Accelerating Acceptance of Fuel Cell Backup Power Systems - Final Report},
author = {Petrecky, James and Ashley, Christopher},
abstractNote = {Since 2001, Plug Power has installed more than 800 stationary fuel cell systems worldwide. Plug Power’s prime power systems have produced approximately 6.5 million kilowatt hours of electricity and have accumulated more than 2.5 million operating hours. Intermittent, or backup, power products have been deployed with telecommunications carriers and government and utility customers in North and South America, Europe, the United Kingdom, Japan and South Africa. Some of the largest material handling operations in North America are currently using the company’s motive power units in fuel cell-powered forklifts for their warehouses, distribution centers and manufacturing facilities. The low-temperature GenSys fuel cell system provides remote, off-grid and primary power where grid power is unreliable or nonexistent. Built reliable and designed rugged, low- temperature GenSys delivers continuous or backup power through even the most extreme conditions. Coupled with high-efficiency ratings, low-temperature GenSys reduces operating costs making it an economical solution for prime power requirements. Currently, field trials at telecommunication and industrial sites across the globe are proving the advantages of fuel cells—lower maintenance, fuel costs and emissions, as well as longer life—compared with traditional internal combustion engines.},
doi = {10.2172/1160149},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 21 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Jul 21 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}

Technical Report:

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  • In 2008, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), under contract to the US Department of Energy (DOE), conducted a manufacturing readiness assessment (MRA) of fuel cell systems and fuel cell stacks for back-up power and material handling applications (MHE). To facilitate the MRA, manufacturing readiness levels (MRL) were defined that were based on the Technology Readiness Levels previously established by the US Department of Energy (DOE). NREL assessed the extensive existing hierarchy of MRLs developed by Department of Defense (DoD) and other Federal entities, and developed a MRL scale adapted to the needs of the Fuel Cell Technologies Program (FCTP)more » and to the status of the fuel cell industry. The MRL ranking of a fuel cell manufacturing facility increases as the manufacturing capability transitions from laboratory prototype development through Low Rate Initial Production to Full Rate Production. DOE can use MRLs to address the economic and institutional risks associated with a ramp-up in polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell production. In 2010, NREL updated this assessment, including additional manufacturers, an assessment of market developments since the original report, and a comparison of MRLs between 2008 and 2010.« less
  • United Technologies Corporation is developing fuel cell power systems to provide on-site energy service, which would include both electric and thermal energy, to commercial and multi-family residential buildings. This development is supported by both private and public resources, including major contract efforts from the US Department of Energy and the Gas Research Institute. This report covers the work conducted at UTC during the period September 29, 1980 to October 14, 1983. This was a transition period between the Engineering and Development Program and the 49 unit field test program, both of which are supported jointly by DOE and GRI. Duringmore » that period, three experimental 40-kW fuel cell power plants were manufactured and acceptance tested by UTC. Two units were delivered to host utilities in order to verify the installation and operational procedures and obtain operating experience in support of the subsequent 49 unit field test program. The third unit was maintained at UTC to be used as the support test power plant for the more extensive field test programs.« less
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  • Working in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and industry project partners, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) acts as the central data repository for the data collected from real-world operation of fuel cell backup power systems. With American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) co-funding awarded through DOE's Fuel Cell Technologies Office, more than 1,300 fuel cell units were deployed over a three-plus-year period in stationary, material handling equipment, auxiliary power, and backup power applications. This surpassed a Fuel Cell Technologies Office ARRA objective to spur commercialization of an early market technology by installing 1,000 fuelmore » cell units across several different applications, including backup power. By December 2013, 852 backup power units out of 1,330 fuel cell units deployed were providing backup service, mainly for telecommunications towers. For 136 of the fuel cell backup units, project participants provided detailed operational data to the National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center for analysis by NREL's technology validation team. NREL analyzed operational data collected from these government co-funded demonstration projects to characterize key fuel cell backup power performance metrics, including reliability and operation trends, and to highlight the business case for using fuel cells in these early market applications. NREL's analyses include these critical metrics, along with deployment, U.S. grid outage statistics, and infrastructure operation.« less