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Title: Dark Forces and Light Dark Matter

Abstract

We consider a simple class of models in which the dark matter, X, is coupled to a new gauge boson, phi, with a relatively low mass (m_phi \sim 100 MeV-3 GeV). Neither the dark matter nor the new gauge boson have tree-level couplings to the Standard Model. The dark matter in this model annihilates to phi pairs, and for a coupling of g_X \sim 0.06 (m_X/10 GeV)^1/2 yields a thermal relic abundance consistent with the cosmological density of dark matter. The phi's produced in such annihilations decay through a small degree of kinetic mixing with the photon to combinations of Standard Model leptons and mesons. For dark matter with a mass of \sim10 GeV, the shape of the resulting gamma-ray spectrum provides a good fit to that observed from the Galactic Center, and can also provide the very hard electron spectrum required to account for the observed synchrotron emission from the Milky Way's radio filaments. For kinetic mixing near the level naively expected from loop-suppressed operators (epsilon \sim 10^{-4}), the dark matter is predicted to scatter elastically with protons with a cross section consistent with that required to accommodate the signals reported by DAMA/LIBRA, CoGeNT and CRESST-II.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  2. New York Univ., NY (United States)
  3. Rue University (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1155799
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-12-378-A
Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998; arXiv eprint number arXiv:1206.2929
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 5
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Hooper, Dan, Weiner, Neal, and Xue, Wei. Dark Forces and Light Dark Matter. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.056009.
Hooper, Dan, Weiner, Neal, & Xue, Wei. Dark Forces and Light Dark Matter. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.056009.
Hooper, Dan, Weiner, Neal, and Xue, Wei. 2012. "Dark Forces and Light Dark Matter". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.056009. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1155799.
@article{osti_1155799,
title = {Dark Forces and Light Dark Matter},
author = {Hooper, Dan and Weiner, Neal and Xue, Wei},
abstractNote = {We consider a simple class of models in which the dark matter, X, is coupled to a new gauge boson, phi, with a relatively low mass (m_phi \sim 100 MeV-3 GeV). Neither the dark matter nor the new gauge boson have tree-level couplings to the Standard Model. The dark matter in this model annihilates to phi pairs, and for a coupling of g_X \sim 0.06 (m_X/10 GeV)^1/2 yields a thermal relic abundance consistent with the cosmological density of dark matter. The phi's produced in such annihilations decay through a small degree of kinetic mixing with the photon to combinations of Standard Model leptons and mesons. For dark matter with a mass of \sim10 GeV, the shape of the resulting gamma-ray spectrum provides a good fit to that observed from the Galactic Center, and can also provide the very hard electron spectrum required to account for the observed synchrotron emission from the Milky Way's radio filaments. For kinetic mixing near the level naively expected from loop-suppressed operators (epsilon \sim 10^{-4}), the dark matter is predicted to scatter elastically with protons with a cross section consistent with that required to accommodate the signals reported by DAMA/LIBRA, CoGeNT and CRESST-II.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.86.056009},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology},
number = 5,
volume = 86,
place = {United States},
year = 2012,
month = 9
}
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