skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Increasing focus on environmental biotechnology in the face of pressing environmental challenges

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Joint Genome Institute (JGI)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Current Opinion in Biotechnology; Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 3
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Philip,Hugenholtz, and Eliora Z,Ron. Increasing focus on environmental biotechnology in the face of pressing environmental challenges. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2007.05.004.
Philip,Hugenholtz, & Eliora Z,Ron. Increasing focus on environmental biotechnology in the face of pressing environmental challenges. United States. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2007.05.004.
Philip,Hugenholtz, and Eliora Z,Ron. Fri . "Increasing focus on environmental biotechnology in the face of pressing environmental challenges". United States. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2007.05.004.
title = {Increasing focus on environmental biotechnology in the face of pressing environmental challenges},
author = {Philip,Hugenholtz and Eliora Z,Ron},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.copbio.2007.05.004},
journal = {Current Opinion in Biotechnology},
number = 3,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
  • ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT is pleased to announce that Rebecca Efroymson will join Virginia Dale as Co-Editors-in-Chief of the journal. Dr. Efroymson brings extensive expertise in risk assessment and environmental toxicology. Her work has focused on land management, natural resources, water quality, and rare species, with recent work on benefits and risks of energy alternatives. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT has been publishing research on the management and conservation of natural resources and habitats since 1976. Articles discuss implications for an international audience and examine a scientific or management hypothesis. As a premier scientific journal in applied and cross-cutting areas, articles come from a varietymore » of disciplines including biology, botany, climatology, earth sciences, ecology, ecological economics, environmental engineering, fisheries, forest sciences, geography, information science, law, management science, politics, public affairs, social sciences, and zoology, most often in combinations determined by the interdisciplinary topic of the study. The journal strives to improve cross-disciplinary communication by making ideas and results available to environmental practitioners from other backgrounds. The goal of ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT is to present a wide spectrum of viewpoints and approaches, and to this end the journal consists of four main sections. Forum contains addresses, editorials, comments, and opinions about environmental matters. Articles in the Profile section describe and evaluate particular case histories, events, policies, problems, or organizations and their work. Papers in the Research section present the methods and findings from empirical and model-based scientific studies. The section on Environmental Assessment is for articles that cover methods of appraisal, measurement, and comparison. Generally, the debates published in the journal's Forum help construct better environmental research or policies; Research and Assessment sections foster understanding of environmental problems and usually of their solutions; and Profile articles may contribute to either aim, or both. In the event that important differences of opinion cannot be resolved between authors and referees or readers, the Forum section may be used to present a Comment on an article that has recently been published in the journal, which may be followed by the author's Reply. The journal publishes innovative research that both identifies new problems and formulates novel solutions to well-known ones. Articles are accepted from all over the world, as the international dimension is considered especially important. Research reported in the journal ranges from environmental problems that are common to a wide variety of nations to issues that are either of global concern or not limited to national boundaries. The journal provides a way for scientists to share approaches, methods, and experiences among environmental practitioners in many countries, so that the problems and opportunities of our ever more-interdependent planet may be studied in a concerted manner.« less
  • Industrial biotechnology is at a pivotal point, with tremendous and ongoing growth in technology contributing to a rich pipeline of opportunities: new products; new and more sustainable ways to make established products; and improvements to existing products and processes. The trillion-dollar questions are: When will there be a commercial breakout in industrial biotech as there has been in biopharma and ag biotech? What advances in technology are needed to make that happen? This article is drawn from the Workshop on Technology Challenges and Opportunities in Commercializing Industrial Biotechnology, sponsored by AIChE’s Society for Biological Engineering (SBE) and held Sept. 28–29,more » 2015, in San Diego. The workshop brought together industrial biotech stakeholders to share — through presentations, case studies, interactive discussions, and exhibits — perspectives on the state of industrial biotech, as well as to address key areas for technology advancement to benefit commercialization.« less
  • Text mining in the biomedical sciences is rapidly transitioning from small-scale evaluation to large-scale application. In this article, we argue that text-mining technologies have become essential tools in real-world biomedical research. We describe four large scale applications of text mining, as showcased during a recent panel discussion at the BioCreative V Challenge Workshop. We draw on these applications as case studies to characterize common requirements for successfully applying text-mining techniques to practical biocuration needs. We note that system ‘accuracy’ remains a challenge and identify several additional common difficulties and potential research directions including (i) the ‘scalability’ issue due to themore » increasing need of mining information from millions of full-text articles, (ii) the ‘interoperability’ issue of integrating various text-mining systems into existing curation workflows and (iii) the ‘reusability’ issue on the difficulty of applying trained systems to text genres that are not seen previously during development. We then describe related efforts within the text-mining community, with a special focus on the BioCreative series of challenge workshops. We believe that focusing on the near-term challenges identified in this work will amplify the opportunities afforded by the continued adoption of text-mining tools. In conclusion, in order to sustain the curation ecosystem and have text-mining systems adopted for practical benefits, we call for increased collaboration between text-mining researchers and various stakeholders, including researchers, publishers and biocurators.« less
  • This paper documents the onset and progress of air pollution damage to Christmas tree farms in western Maryland.
  • This article presents a brief overview of the nations rural electric system. Today it can be characterized as very diverse in the character of the market served, and in general it is under financial and philosophical pressure. Some rural cooperatives are in good condition, with economic bases which are growing. In most cases this growth is not the result of properous farming, but the influx of urban expansion. For cooperatives in the vast midwest, and in other remote ranching and farming sections of the country, the systems are as often facing loss as gain. The rural system is very large,more » in its physical extent, and in the extent of its distribution systems. However it does not have a growing economic base in general to allow for steady improvement and timely maintenance of this system, and this is placing these systems often in great financial stress.« less