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Title: Haiti: Feasibility of Waste-to-Energy Options at the Trutier Waste Site

Abstract

This report provides further analysis of the feasibility of a waste-to-energy (WTE) facility in the area near Port-au-Prince, Haiti. NREL's previous analysis and reports identified anaerobic digestion (AD) as the optimal WTE technology at the facility. Building on the prior analyses, this report evaluates the conceptual financial and technical viability of implementing a combined waste management and electrical power production strategy by constructing a WTE facility at the existing Trutier waste site north of Port-au-Prince.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
OSTI Identifier:
1149655
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-7A40-60585
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; WASTE TO ENERGY; WTE; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; TRUTIER; HAITI

Citation Formats

Conrad, M. D., Hunsberger, R., Ness, J. E., Harris, T., Raibley, T., and Ursillo, P. Haiti: Feasibility of Waste-to-Energy Options at the Trutier Waste Site. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.2172/1149655.
Conrad, M. D., Hunsberger, R., Ness, J. E., Harris, T., Raibley, T., & Ursillo, P. Haiti: Feasibility of Waste-to-Energy Options at the Trutier Waste Site. United States. doi:10.2172/1149655.
Conrad, M. D., Hunsberger, R., Ness, J. E., Harris, T., Raibley, T., and Ursillo, P. Fri . "Haiti: Feasibility of Waste-to-Energy Options at the Trutier Waste Site". United States. doi:10.2172/1149655. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1149655.
@article{osti_1149655,
title = {Haiti: Feasibility of Waste-to-Energy Options at the Trutier Waste Site},
author = {Conrad, M. D. and Hunsberger, R. and Ness, J. E. and Harris, T. and Raibley, T. and Ursillo, P.},
abstractNote = {This report provides further analysis of the feasibility of a waste-to-energy (WTE) facility in the area near Port-au-Prince, Haiti. NREL's previous analysis and reports identified anaerobic digestion (AD) as the optimal WTE technology at the facility. Building on the prior analyses, this report evaluates the conceptual financial and technical viability of implementing a combined waste management and electrical power production strategy by constructing a WTE facility at the existing Trutier waste site north of Port-au-Prince.},
doi = {10.2172/1149655},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Fri Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}

Technical Report:

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  • Waste-to-energy (WTE) technology burns municipal solid waste (MSW) in an environmentally safe combustion system to generate electricity, provide district heat, and reduce the need for landfill disposal. While this technology has gained acceptance in Europe, it has yet to be commonly recognized as an option in the United States. Section 1 of this report provides an overview of WTE as a renewable energy technology and describes a high-level model developed to assess the feasibility of WTE at a site. Section 2 reviews results from previous life cycle assessment (LCA) studies of WTE, and then uses an LCA inventory tool tomore » perform a screening-level analysis of cost, net energy production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and conventional air pollution impacts of WTE for residual MSW in Boulder, Colorado. Section 3 of this report describes the federal regulations that govern the permitting, monitoring, and operating practices of MSW combustors and provides emissions limits for WTE projects.« less
  • The economic and engineering feasibility of retrofitting an incinerator for combustion of trash produced at the Summit Plaza Apartments Development in Jersey City, N.J., is analyzed. The site chosen is a Total Energy System demonstration site, with a capability for accurate monitoring and data analysis. The complex uses diesel generators for electrical energy, with the resultant waste heat being used for domestic heating and cooling. Diesel - fuel - oil - fired boilers are used for production of additional heat. A pneumatic trash collection system automatically deposits refuse in hauling containers. The proposed change would route the pneumatically collected trashmore » into a small incinerator where it would be burnt for the production of heat, thus lowering the costs of fuel consumption and of labor, and demonstrating an integrated system for using trash as a source for heat generation. Commercially available incinerators with Heat Recover Systems are surveyed and described. The problems of corrosion potential, particulate deposits, and thermal energy storage are considered. The solid waste generated at the site was analyzed. Environmental and economic gains and losses are summarized. The study concludes that the equipment necessary is available; the low amount of trash produced at the site would result in a financial loss, but the data collection facilities of the site would allow for a useful demonstration. Included are references, diagrams of heat systems and incinerators, data on refuse, graphs of operating costs and savings, and specifications of incinerator systems.« less
  • The objectives of the study were to assess the feasibility of applying solar cookers extensively in rural Haiti, and to present a preliminary design for a solar cooker based on Haitian requirements. Two such designs are presented herein. (Color illustrations reproduced in black and white)
  • A laboratory study was done to establish the technical feasibility of producing domestic cooking briquettes to be marketed in Haiti, from the Maissade lignite reserves of that country, which are high in both ash and sulfur and not yet mined. It was found that acceptable briquettes could be made from Maissade char, pyrolized and compacted with a molasses-lime binder and the addition of bagasse to improve strength and burning rate. Molasses, lime and bagasse are all produced in Haiti. Sodium nitrate was added to enhance ignition, and borax as a wetting and release agent. Standard, ''pillow-shaped'' briquettes were successfully producedmore » on a standard, double roll briquetting machine. The recommended process sequence and equipment selection are virtually identical to that used to produce standard US barbecue briquettes from North Dakota lignite. The heating value of the Maissade briquettes is lower due to their high ash level, which may be acceptable if they can be produced at a cost per heating value comparable to wood charcoal, currently used in Haiti. The high sulfur content, mostly in organic form, presents no problem, since it is tied up after combustion as CaSO/sub 4/ by the unusually high calcium content of this lignite. Detailed analyses of Maissade lignite and its mineral components are included, as well as a preliminary plant design and capital cost estimate, for capacities of 10,000 and 50,000 metric tons per year, and for a smaller pilot plant.« less
  • A review of energy use in Haiti, aimed at identifying possible projects to complement current A.I.D. support for institution building and energy planning within the Ministry of Mines and Energy Resources (MMRE), is presented. Key findings are that: (1) the sugar and manufacturing industries rely heavily on biomass fuels - wood, charcoal, and bagasse (sugar cane residue); and (2) demand for commercial energy and for electricity is growing rapidly despite supply constraints. The report calls for A.I.D. to: initiate a program to reduce biomass consumption (which is causing severe soil erosion and deforestation), especially in the small distilleries called guildives;more » collaborate with MMRE and the World Bank to develop a detailed workplan to promote energy efficiency in the guildives, focusing on technology development; help MMRE and the private sector to project Haiti's industrial energy and electricity needs through the year 2000; and sponsor a program of energy audits and efficiency improvements in the manufacturing sector.« less