skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Aligned ZnO nanorod arrays for sensor applications.


Abstract not provided.

; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Sandia National Laboratories.,
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the Spring Material Research Society Meeting held April 9-13, 2007 in San Francisco, CA.
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Scrymgeour, David, Hsu, Julia W. P., Lee, Mark, Highstrete, Clark, Lee, Yun-Ju, Howell, Stephen W., and Spoerke, Erik David. Aligned ZnO nanorod arrays for sensor applications.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Scrymgeour, David, Hsu, Julia W. P., Lee, Mark, Highstrete, Clark, Lee, Yun-Ju, Howell, Stephen W., & Spoerke, Erik David. Aligned ZnO nanorod arrays for sensor applications.. United States.
Scrymgeour, David, Hsu, Julia W. P., Lee, Mark, Highstrete, Clark, Lee, Yun-Ju, Howell, Stephen W., and Spoerke, Erik David. Sun . "Aligned ZnO nanorod arrays for sensor applications.". United States. doi:.
title = {Aligned ZnO nanorod arrays for sensor applications.},
author = {Scrymgeour, David and Hsu, Julia W. P. and Lee, Mark and Highstrete, Clark and Lee, Yun-Ju and Howell, Stephen W. and Spoerke, Erik David},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}

Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • Abstract not provided.
  • Vertically aligned, dense ZnO nanorod arrays were grown directly on zinc foils by a catalyst-free, low-temperature (450-500 C) oxidization method. The zinc foils remain conductive even after the growth of ZnO nanorods on its surface. The success of this synthesis largely relies on the level of control over oxygen introduction. By replacing zinc foils with zinc microspheres, unique and sophisticated urchin-like ZnO nanorod assemblies can be readily obtained.
  • Well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays were prepared on substrates by hydrothermal growth under different conditions. The effect of preparing conditions on the deposition of ZnO nanorods was systematically studied by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectroscopy. It is demonstrated that the growth conditions such as pre-treatment of the substrates, growth temperature, deposition time and the concentration of the precursors have great influence on the morphology and the alignment ordering of ZnO nanorod arrays. Pre-treatment of substrates, including dispersion of ZnO nanoparticles and subsequent annealing, not only plays a main role in governing the rod diameter, but also greatly improvesmore » the rod orientation. Although the rod diameter and its distribution are mainly determined by pre-coated ZnO nanoparticles, they can also be monitored to some extent by changing the concentration of the precursors. The growth temperature has a little influence on the orientation of nanorods but it has great impact on their aspect ratio and the photoluminescent property. Kinetic studies show that the growth of ZnO nanorods contains two distinct step: a fast steps within the first hour, in which the nanorods tend to be short and wide, and a slow step, in which long rods with high aspect ratio are obtained.« less
  • We demonstrated the development of coupled semiconductor in the form of hybrid heterostructures for significant advancement in catalytic functional materials. In this article, we report the preparation of vertically aligned core shell ZnO-EuS nanorod photocatalyst arrays by a simple chemical solution process followed by sulfudation process. The XRD pattern confirmed formation of the hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO and cubic nature of the EuS. Cross sectional FESEM images show vertical rod array structure, and the size of the nanorods ranges from 80 to 120 nm. UV-Vis DRS spectra showed that the optical absorption of ZnO was significantly enhanced to the visiblemore » region by modification with EuS surfaces. TEM study confirmed that the surface of ZnO was drastically improved by the modification with EuS nanoparticle. The catalytic activity of EuS−ZnO core shell nanorod arrays were evaluated by the photodegradation of Methylene Blue (MB) dye under visible irradiation. The results revealed that the photocatalytic activity of EuS−ZnO was much higher than that of ZnO under natural sunlight. EuS−ZnO was found to be stable and reusable without appreciable loss of catalytic activity up to four consecutive cycles.« less
  • Samarium doped ZnO nanorods were grown on silicon substrate by using vapor phase transport method (VPT) with the growth temperature of 950°C. The synthesized nanorods were characterized by XRD, field emission scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectra, and photocurrent measurements. The XRD result revealed that Sm was successfully doped into lattice plane of hexagonal ZnO nanorods. The FESEM result confirms the pure ZnO has nanorod like morphology with an average diameter and length of 130nm and 10µm respectively. The above observation is supported by the Micro-Raman spectroscopy result. The photocurrent in the visible region has been significantly enhanced due to depositionmore » of Sm on the surface of the ZnO nanorods. Sm acts as a visible sensitizer because of its lower band gap compared to ZnO.« less