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Title: Biohazards of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Abstract

Abstract not provided.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1148194
Report Number(s):
SAND2007-3546C
522730
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the BSL-3 Workshop held June 25-27, 2007 in Chandigarh, India.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Caskey, Susan Adele, Austin, Paula, Weekly, Susan Jane, and Guddera, Nanda. Biohazards of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Caskey, Susan Adele, Austin, Paula, Weekly, Susan Jane, & Guddera, Nanda. Biohazards of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.. United States.
Caskey, Susan Adele, Austin, Paula, Weekly, Susan Jane, and Guddera, Nanda. Fri . "Biohazards of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1148194.
@article{osti_1148194,
title = {Biohazards of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.},
author = {Caskey, Susan Adele and Austin, Paula and Weekly, Susan Jane and Guddera, Nanda},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein Rv0577 is a prominent antigen in tuberculosis patients, the component responsible for neutral red staining of virulent strains of M. tuberculosis, a putative component in a methylglyoxal detoxification pathway, and an agonist of toll-like receptor 2. It also has an amino acid sequence that is 36% identical to that of Streptomyces coelicolor AfsK-binding protein A (KbpA), a component in the complex secondary metabolite pathways in the Streptomyces genus. To gain insight into the biological function of Rv0577 and the family of KpbA kinase regulators, the crystal structure for Rv0577 was determined to a resolution of 1.75 Å,more » binding properties with neutral red and deoxyadenosine were surveyed, backbone dynamics were measured, and thermal stability was assayed by circular dichroism spectroscopy. The protein is composed of four approximate repeats with a βαβββ topology arranged radially in consecutive pairs to form two continuous eight-strand β-sheets capped on both ends with an α-helix. The two β-sheets intersect in the center at roughly a right angle and form two asymmetric deep “saddles” that may serve to bind ligands. Nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift perturbation experiments show that neutral red and deoxyadenosine bind to Rv0577. Binding to deoxyadenosine is weaker with an estimated dissociation constants of 4.1 ± 0.3 mM for saddle 1. Heteronuclear steady-state { 1H}– 15N nuclear Overhauser effect, T 1, and T 2 values were generally uniform throughout the sequence with only a few modest pockets of differences. As a result, circular dichroism spectroscopy characterization of the thermal stability of Rv0577 indicated irreversible unfolding upon heating with an estimated melting temperature of 56 °C.« less
  • FGD1 is an F{sub 420}-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis that has been shown to be essential for activation of the anti-TB compound PA-824. Initial attempts to produce recombinant FGD1 using Escherichia coli as a host was unsuccessful, but when the alternative host Mycobacterium smegmatis was used, soluble protein yields of 7 mg/L of culture were achieved. Both native and selenomethionine-substituted FGD1 were obtained by culturing M. smegmatis in autoinduction media protocols originally developed for E. coli. Using these media afforded the advantages of decreased handling, as cultures did not require monitoring of optical density and induction, and reduced costmore » by removing the need for expensive ADC enrichment normally used in mycobacterial cultures. Selenomethionine was efficiently incorporated at levels required for multiwavelength anomalous diffraction experiments used in crystal structure determination. As far as we are aware this is the first protocol for preparation of selenomethionine-substituted protein in mycobacteria. Native and selenomethionine-labeled FGD1 were successfully crystallized by vapor diffusion, with the crystals diffracting to 2.1 AA resolution.« less
  • The 261-residue Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein Rv0577 is a prominent antigen in tuberculosis patients, the responsible component for neutral red staining of virulent strains of M. tuberculosis, a putative component in a methylglyoxal detoxification pathway, and an agonist of toll-like receptor 2. It also has 36% sequence identity to AfsK-binding protein A (KbpA), a component in the complex secondary metabolite pathways in the Streptomycetes genus from which many commercial antibiotics are derived. To gain insight into the biological function of Rv0577 and the family of KpbA kinase regulators, the crystal structure for Rv0577 was determined to a resolution of 1.75 Åmore » (3OXH), binding properties with neutral red and deoxyadenosine (Ado) surveyed, backbone dynamics measured, and thermal stability assayed by CD spectroscopy. The protein is composed of four approximate repeats with an topology arranged radially in consecutive pairs to form two continuous eight-strand -sheets capped on both ends with an -helix. The two -sheets intersect in the center at roughly a right angle and form an asymmetric deep “saddle” on both sides of the protein, saddle one (P11 to A129) and saddle two (L143 to A258), that may serve to bind ligands. NMR chemical shift perturbation experiments show that neutral red binds to Rv0577, further cementing the role of Rv0577 in the neutral red staining of virulent strains of M. tuberculosis. Similar experiments show that adenosine also bind to Rv0577, although less tightly, with estimated dissociation constants of 4.1 ± 0.3 mM for saddle one and > 1 M for saddle two. Heteronuclear steady-state {1H}-15N NOE, T1, and T2 values were generally uniform through-out the sequence with only a few modest pockets of differences suggestive of slightly different motion in loops between -strands in saddle 1. Circular dichroism spectroscopy characterization of the thermal stability of Rv0577 indicated irreversible unfolding upon heating with an estimated melting temperature of 56 °C. While it is not known if Rv0577 has a kinase regulatory role similar to its Streptomyces homolog KbpA, protein kinase and phosphatase signaling help M. tuberculosis adapt to the hostile host environment during infections. Consequently, new anti-tuberculosis drugs targeting Rv0577 may act by interfering with multiple mechanisms; a potential signaling machinery as well as toll-like receptor 2 activation and the methylglyoxal detoxification pathway.« less