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Title: Perturbation of the Monomer-Monomer Interfaces of the Benzoylformate Decarboxylase Tetramer

Abstract

The X-ray structure of benzoylformate decarboxylase (BFDC) from Pseudomonas putida ATCC 12633 shows it to be a tetramer. This was believed to be typical of all thiamin diphosphate-dependent decarboxylases until recently when the structure of KdcA, a branched-chain 2-keto acid decarboxylase from Lactococcus lactis, showed it to be a homodimer. This lent credence to earlier unfolding experiments on pyruvate decarboxylase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae that indicated that it might be active as a dimer. To investigate this possibility in BFDC, we sought to shift the equilibrium toward dimer formation. Point mutations were made in the noncatalytic monomer–monomer interfaces, but these had a minimal effect on both tetramer formation and catalytic activity. Subsequently, the R141E/Y288A/A306F variant was shown by analytical ultracentrifugation to be partially dimeric. It was also found to be catalytically inactive. Further experiments revealed that just two mutations, R141E and A306F, were sufficient to markedly alter the dimer–tetramer equilibrium and to provide an ~450-fold decrease in k cat. Equilibrium denaturation studies suggested that the residual activity was possibly due to the presence of residual tetramer. The structures of the R141E and A306F variants, determined to <1.5 Å resolution, hinted that disruption of the monomer interfaces will be accompanied by movementmore » of a loop containing Leu109 and Leu110. As these residues contribute to the hydrophobicity of the active site and the correct positioning of the substrate, it seems that tetramer formation may well be critical to the catalytic activity of BFDC.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. IUPUI
  2. (
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1144807
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemistry-US; Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: (27) ; 07, 2014
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH

Citation Formats

Andrews, Forest H., Rogers, Megan P., Paul, Lake N., McLeish, Michael J., and Purdue). Perturbation of the Monomer-Monomer Interfaces of the Benzoylformate Decarboxylase Tetramer. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1021/bi500081r.
Andrews, Forest H., Rogers, Megan P., Paul, Lake N., McLeish, Michael J., & Purdue). Perturbation of the Monomer-Monomer Interfaces of the Benzoylformate Decarboxylase Tetramer. United States. doi:10.1021/bi500081r.
Andrews, Forest H., Rogers, Megan P., Paul, Lake N., McLeish, Michael J., and Purdue). Thu . "Perturbation of the Monomer-Monomer Interfaces of the Benzoylformate Decarboxylase Tetramer". United States. doi:10.1021/bi500081r.
@article{osti_1144807,
title = {Perturbation of the Monomer-Monomer Interfaces of the Benzoylformate Decarboxylase Tetramer},
author = {Andrews, Forest H. and Rogers, Megan P. and Paul, Lake N. and McLeish, Michael J. and Purdue)},
abstractNote = {The X-ray structure of benzoylformate decarboxylase (BFDC) from Pseudomonas putida ATCC 12633 shows it to be a tetramer. This was believed to be typical of all thiamin diphosphate-dependent decarboxylases until recently when the structure of KdcA, a branched-chain 2-keto acid decarboxylase from Lactococcus lactis, showed it to be a homodimer. This lent credence to earlier unfolding experiments on pyruvate decarboxylase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae that indicated that it might be active as a dimer. To investigate this possibility in BFDC, we sought to shift the equilibrium toward dimer formation. Point mutations were made in the noncatalytic monomer–monomer interfaces, but these had a minimal effect on both tetramer formation and catalytic activity. Subsequently, the R141E/Y288A/A306F variant was shown by analytical ultracentrifugation to be partially dimeric. It was also found to be catalytically inactive. Further experiments revealed that just two mutations, R141E and A306F, were sufficient to markedly alter the dimer–tetramer equilibrium and to provide an ~450-fold decrease in kcat. Equilibrium denaturation studies suggested that the residual activity was possibly due to the presence of residual tetramer. The structures of the R141E and A306F variants, determined to <1.5 Å resolution, hinted that disruption of the monomer interfaces will be accompanied by movement of a loop containing Leu109 and Leu110. As these residues contribute to the hydrophobicity of the active site and the correct positioning of the substrate, it seems that tetramer formation may well be critical to the catalytic activity of BFDC.},
doi = {10.1021/bi500081r},
journal = {Biochemistry-US},
number = (27) ; 07, 2014,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Aug 14 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Thu Aug 14 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}