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Title: Critical evaluation and modeling of algal harvesting using dissolved air flotation. DAF Algal Harvesting Modeling

Abstract

In our study, Chlorella zofingiensis harvesting by dissolved air flotation (DAF) was critically evaluated with regard to algal concentration, culture conditions, type and dosage of coagulants, and recycle ratio. Harvesting efficiency increased with coagulant dosage and leveled off at 81%, 86%, 91%, and 87% when chitosan, Al 3+, Fe 3+, and cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) were used at dosages of 70, 180, 250, and 500 mg g -1, respectively. The DAF efficiency-coagulant dosage relationship changed with algal culture conditions. In evaluating the influence of the initial algal concentration and recycle ratio revealed that, under conditions typical for algal harvesting, we found that it is possible that the number of bubbles is insufficient. A DAF algal harvesting model was developed to explain this observation by introducing mass-based floc size distributions and a bubble limitation into the white water blanket model. Moreover, the model revealed the importance of coagulation to increase floc-bubble collision and attachment, and the preferential interaction of bubbles with larger flocs, which limited the availability of bubbles to the smaller sized flocs. The harvesting efficiencies predicted by the model agree reasonably with experimental data obtained at different Al 3+ dosages, algal concentrations, and recycle ratios. Based on this modeling,more » critical parameters for efficient algal harvesting were identified.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4]
  1. Arizona State Univ., Mesa, AZ (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Hubei (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1141043
Report Number(s):
SAND-2014-1616J
Journal ID: ISSN 0006-3592; 505032
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 111; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0006-3592
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; flotation; model; coagulant; flocs; bubble; chlorella

Citation Formats

Zhang, Xuezhi, Hewson, John C., Amendola, Pasquale, Reynoso, Monica, Sommerfeld, Milton, Chen, Yongsheng, and Hu, Qiang. Critical evaluation and modeling of algal harvesting using dissolved air flotation. DAF Algal Harvesting Modeling. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1002/bit.25300.
Zhang, Xuezhi, Hewson, John C., Amendola, Pasquale, Reynoso, Monica, Sommerfeld, Milton, Chen, Yongsheng, & Hu, Qiang. Critical evaluation and modeling of algal harvesting using dissolved air flotation. DAF Algal Harvesting Modeling. United States. doi:10.1002/bit.25300.
Zhang, Xuezhi, Hewson, John C., Amendola, Pasquale, Reynoso, Monica, Sommerfeld, Milton, Chen, Yongsheng, and Hu, Qiang. Mon . "Critical evaluation and modeling of algal harvesting using dissolved air flotation. DAF Algal Harvesting Modeling". United States. doi:10.1002/bit.25300. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1141043.
@article{osti_1141043,
title = {Critical evaluation and modeling of algal harvesting using dissolved air flotation. DAF Algal Harvesting Modeling},
author = {Zhang, Xuezhi and Hewson, John C. and Amendola, Pasquale and Reynoso, Monica and Sommerfeld, Milton and Chen, Yongsheng and Hu, Qiang},
abstractNote = {In our study, Chlorella zofingiensis harvesting by dissolved air flotation (DAF) was critically evaluated with regard to algal concentration, culture conditions, type and dosage of coagulants, and recycle ratio. Harvesting efficiency increased with coagulant dosage and leveled off at 81%, 86%, 91%, and 87% when chitosan, Al3+, Fe3+, and cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) were used at dosages of 70, 180, 250, and 500 mg g-1, respectively. The DAF efficiency-coagulant dosage relationship changed with algal culture conditions. In evaluating the influence of the initial algal concentration and recycle ratio revealed that, under conditions typical for algal harvesting, we found that it is possible that the number of bubbles is insufficient. A DAF algal harvesting model was developed to explain this observation by introducing mass-based floc size distributions and a bubble limitation into the white water blanket model. Moreover, the model revealed the importance of coagulation to increase floc-bubble collision and attachment, and the preferential interaction of bubbles with larger flocs, which limited the availability of bubbles to the smaller sized flocs. The harvesting efficiencies predicted by the model agree reasonably with experimental data obtained at different Al3+ dosages, algal concentrations, and recycle ratios. Based on this modeling, critical parameters for efficient algal harvesting were identified.},
doi = {10.1002/bit.25300},
journal = {Biotechnology and Bioengineering},
number = 12,
volume = 111,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 14 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Jul 14 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}

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