skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Domain wall motion and electromechanical strain in lead-free piezoelectrics: Insight from the model system (1 - x)Ba(Zr 0.2Ti 0.8)O 3-x(Ba 0.7Ca 0.3)TiO 3 using in situ high-energy X-ray diffraction during application of electric fields

Abstract

The piezoelectric compositions (1 - x)Ba(Zr 0.2Ti 0.8)O 3–x(Ba 0.7Ca 0.3)TiO 3 (BZT-xBCT) span a model lead-free morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) between room temperature rhombohedral and tetragonal phases at approximately x = 0.5. In the present work, in situ X-ray diffraction measurements during electric field application are used to elucidate the origin of electromechanical strain in several compositions spanning the tetragonal compositional range 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 0.9. As BCT concentration decreases towards the MPB, the tetragonal distortion (given by c/a-1) decreases concomitantly with an increase in 90° domain wall motion. The increase in observed macroscopic strain is predominantly attributed to the increased contribution from 90° domain wall motion. The results demonstrate that domain wall motion is a significant factor in achieving high strain and piezoelectric coefficients in lead-free polycrystalline piezoelectrics.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. IIT
  2. (
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
NSFU.S. ARMY RESEARCH
OSTI Identifier:
1128585
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Appl. Phys.; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: (14) ; 04, 2014
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH

Citation Formats

Tutuncu, Goknur, Li, Binzhi, Bowman, Keith, Jones, Jacob L., UCD), NCSU), and Florida). Domain wall motion and electromechanical strain in lead-free piezoelectrics: Insight from the model system (1 - x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 using in situ high-energy X-ray diffraction during application of electric fields. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4870934.
Tutuncu, Goknur, Li, Binzhi, Bowman, Keith, Jones, Jacob L., UCD), NCSU), & Florida). Domain wall motion and electromechanical strain in lead-free piezoelectrics: Insight from the model system (1 - x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 using in situ high-energy X-ray diffraction during application of electric fields. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4870934.
Tutuncu, Goknur, Li, Binzhi, Bowman, Keith, Jones, Jacob L., UCD), NCSU), and Florida). Thu . "Domain wall motion and electromechanical strain in lead-free piezoelectrics: Insight from the model system (1 - x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 using in situ high-energy X-ray diffraction during application of electric fields". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4870934.
@article{osti_1128585,
title = {Domain wall motion and electromechanical strain in lead-free piezoelectrics: Insight from the model system (1 - x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 using in situ high-energy X-ray diffraction during application of electric fields},
author = {Tutuncu, Goknur and Li, Binzhi and Bowman, Keith and Jones, Jacob L. and UCD) and NCSU) and Florida)},
abstractNote = {The piezoelectric compositions (1 - x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3–x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 (BZT-xBCT) span a model lead-free morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) between room temperature rhombohedral and tetragonal phases at approximately x = 0.5. In the present work, in situ X-ray diffraction measurements during electric field application are used to elucidate the origin of electromechanical strain in several compositions spanning the tetragonal compositional range 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 0.9. As BCT concentration decreases towards the MPB, the tetragonal distortion (given by c/a-1) decreases concomitantly with an increase in 90° domain wall motion. The increase in observed macroscopic strain is predominantly attributed to the increased contribution from 90° domain wall motion. The results demonstrate that domain wall motion is a significant factor in achieving high strain and piezoelectric coefficients in lead-free polycrystalline piezoelectrics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4870934},
journal = {J. Appl. Phys.},
number = (14) ; 04, 2014,
volume = 115,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jul 17 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Thu Jul 17 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}