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Title: Experimental and Numerical Studies on the Proposed Application of Hollow Electron Beam Collimation for the LHC at CERN

Abstract

This thesis work was carried out in the framework of the U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program (USLARP), a collaboration between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the U.S. Department of Energy. The first half of the work was completed at Fermilab (USA), the location of the Tevatron, a proton-antiproton collider and the second largest particle collider in the world. The second half was completed at CERN (Switzerland), the location of the largest proton collider in the world (Large Hadron Collider (LHC)). This thesis characterizes a Hollow Electron Beam (HEB) for possible usage at the LHC to enhance its collimation through Hollow Electron Beam Lenses (HEBLs). Collimation is a long established principle in high energy particle accelerators. Hollow Electron Beam Collimation (HEBC) aims to enhance current collimation systems by controlling diffusion of primary halo particles into the limiting aperture. It works on the principle of a transverse radial electric field that kicks the primary halo particles outwards upon each pass in a multi-pass system. The transverse field is produced by a HEB that is coaxially aligned with the accelerator beam, producing a negligible electric field in the center and a strong transverse electric field at amplitudes higher than themore » inner radius of the electron beam. Ideally, halo particles are affected without perturbation of the beam core. One of the main advantages of this system is to decrease the dependence on instantaneous loss spikes and beam jitter. A solid experimental basis of HEBC was accumulated at the Tevatron. The application of this technique at the LHC is now under investigation. The aim of this thesis is to present a preliminary report to support a future optimal conceptual design report. It characterizes the available hardware in order to facilitate the design of a Hollow Electron Gun (HEG) for the LHC, characterizes the effect on beam diffusion by determining the transverse electric fields of the electron beam and initiates 3D simulations in order to determine the effect of the HEBL on the beam core. Experiments were conducted in the Tevatron Electron Lens Test Stand (TELTS) at Fermi National Accelerator Lab (Fermilab) (USA) in the lower Linear Accelerator (LINAC) gallery.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1128148
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-MASTERS-2013-02
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Moens, Vince. Experimental and Numerical Studies on the Proposed Application of Hollow Electron Beam Collimation for the LHC at CERN. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.2172/1128148.
Moens, Vince. Experimental and Numerical Studies on the Proposed Application of Hollow Electron Beam Collimation for the LHC at CERN. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1128148
Moens, Vince. Tue . "Experimental and Numerical Studies on the Proposed Application of Hollow Electron Beam Collimation for the LHC at CERN". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1128148. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1128148.
@article{osti_1128148,
title = {Experimental and Numerical Studies on the Proposed Application of Hollow Electron Beam Collimation for the LHC at CERN},
author = {Moens, Vince},
abstractNote = {This thesis work was carried out in the framework of the U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program (USLARP), a collaboration between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the U.S. Department of Energy. The first half of the work was completed at Fermilab (USA), the location of the Tevatron, a proton-antiproton collider and the second largest particle collider in the world. The second half was completed at CERN (Switzerland), the location of the largest proton collider in the world (Large Hadron Collider (LHC)). This thesis characterizes a Hollow Electron Beam (HEB) for possible usage at the LHC to enhance its collimation through Hollow Electron Beam Lenses (HEBLs). Collimation is a long established principle in high energy particle accelerators. Hollow Electron Beam Collimation (HEBC) aims to enhance current collimation systems by controlling diffusion of primary halo particles into the limiting aperture. It works on the principle of a transverse radial electric field that kicks the primary halo particles outwards upon each pass in a multi-pass system. The transverse field is produced by a HEB that is coaxially aligned with the accelerator beam, producing a negligible electric field in the center and a strong transverse electric field at amplitudes higher than the inner radius of the electron beam. Ideally, halo particles are affected without perturbation of the beam core. One of the main advantages of this system is to decrease the dependence on instantaneous loss spikes and beam jitter. A solid experimental basis of HEBC was accumulated at the Tevatron. The application of this technique at the LHC is now under investigation. The aim of this thesis is to present a preliminary report to support a future optimal conceptual design report. It characterizes the available hardware in order to facilitate the design of a Hollow Electron Gun (HEG) for the LHC, characterizes the effect on beam diffusion by determining the transverse electric fields of the electron beam and initiates 3D simulations in order to determine the effect of the HEBL on the beam core. Experiments were conducted in the Tevatron Electron Lens Test Stand (TELTS) at Fermi National Accelerator Lab (Fermilab) (USA) in the lower Linear Accelerator (LINAC) gallery.},
doi = {10.2172/1128148},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1128148}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {1}
}