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Title: Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification

Abstract

A compression ignition engine uses two or more fuel charges having two or more reactivities to control the timing and duration of combustion. In a preferred implementation, a lower-reactivity fuel charge is injected or otherwise introduced into the combustion chamber, preferably sufficiently early that it becomes at least substantially homogeneously dispersed within the chamber before a subsequent injection is made. One or more subsequent injections of higher-reactivity fuel charges are then made, and these preferably distribute the higher-reactivity matter within the lower-reactivity chamber space such that combustion begins in the higher-reactivity regions, and with the lower-reactivity regions following thereafter. By appropriately choose the reactivities of the charges, their relative amounts, and their timing, combustion can be tailored to achieve optimal power output (and thus fuel efficiency), at controlled temperatures (and thus controlled NOx), and with controlled equivalence ratios (and thus controlled soot).

Inventors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1113531
Patent Number(s):
8,616,177
Application Number:
12/703,808
Assignee:
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (Madison, WI) NETL
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-06NT42628; AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Reitz, Rolf Deneys, Hanson, Reed M, Splitter, Derek A, and Kokjohn, Sage L. Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification. United States: N. p., 2013. Web.
Reitz, Rolf Deneys, Hanson, Reed M, Splitter, Derek A, & Kokjohn, Sage L. Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification. United States.
Reitz, Rolf Deneys, Hanson, Reed M, Splitter, Derek A, and Kokjohn, Sage L. Tue . "Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1113531.
@article{osti_1113531,
title = {Engine combustion control via fuel reactivity stratification},
author = {Reitz, Rolf Deneys and Hanson, Reed M and Splitter, Derek A and Kokjohn, Sage L},
abstractNote = {A compression ignition engine uses two or more fuel charges having two or more reactivities to control the timing and duration of combustion. In a preferred implementation, a lower-reactivity fuel charge is injected or otherwise introduced into the combustion chamber, preferably sufficiently early that it becomes at least substantially homogeneously dispersed within the chamber before a subsequent injection is made. One or more subsequent injections of higher-reactivity fuel charges are then made, and these preferably distribute the higher-reactivity matter within the lower-reactivity chamber space such that combustion begins in the higher-reactivity regions, and with the lower-reactivity regions following thereafter. By appropriately choose the reactivities of the charges, their relative amounts, and their timing, combustion can be tailored to achieve optimal power output (and thus fuel efficiency), at controlled temperatures (and thus controlled NOx), and with controlled equivalence ratios (and thus controlled soot).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2013},
month = {Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2013}
}

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