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Title: Synthesis and properties of polymeric cation conductors and amphiphilic star polymers

Abstract

Polymeric alkali ion conductors consisting of a comblike polysiloxane with oligo-oxyethylene side chains and pendant sulfonate groups were synthesized by the quantitative hydrosilylation of an allyl methoxy-polyethylene glycol and allyl glycidyl ether with polyhydrogenmethyl-siloxane, followed by the sulfonation of the epoxy group. The addition of Si-H is chiefly to the B-vinyl carbon and the sulfonation reaction is quantitative. DSC and conductivity measurements show that these materials are essentially amorphous and their cation conducting behavior can be interpreted by a VTF type equation. Due to the tightness of the alkali sulfonate ion pairs the conductivity of these polymers is low compared to that of dual polymer electrolytes containing LiClO{sub 4} or LiCF{sub 3}SO{sub 3} salt. However, conductivities of up to 10{sup {minus}5} S cm{sup {minus}1} at 25{degrees}C can be achieved by adding cation chelating ligands such as tetraethylene glycol. The effect of cation, temperature, ion content, glass transition temperature, and additives on the conductivity of these materials is discussed. Well-defined multifunctional isocyantes are obtained in high purity and quantitative yield by hydrosilylation of m-isopropenyl-{alpha}, {alpha}-dimethylbenzyl isocyanate (m-TMI) with cyclic and acyclic hydrogen-methylsiloxanes. The products were exclusively result from {beta}-addition of Si-H to the double bond in m-TMI. The polyisocyanates were reactedmore » with methoxypolyethylene glycols (MPEG) and with nonlphenoxypolyethylene glycols (NPPEG) to yield amphiphilic star polymers with a precise number of arms. Amphiphilic star homopolmers made from MPEG form micelles in water. Star polymers with NPPEG arms in aqueous solutions separate into two phases of constant composition, the condensed phase being an associative network resembling a hydrogel. Surface tension, viscosities, cloud points, salt binding and solubilities were determined and compared with linear or star polymers.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
State Univ. of New York, Syracuse, NY (United States). Coll. of Environmental Science and Forestry
OSTI Identifier:
111321
Resource Type:
Miscellaneous
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D.); PBD: 1992
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; 40 CHEMISTRY; POLYMERS; SYNTHESIS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTORS; POLYMERIZATION; CATIONS

Citation Formats

Zho, Guangbin. Synthesis and properties of polymeric cation conductors and amphiphilic star polymers. United States: N. p., 1992. Web.
Zho, Guangbin. Synthesis and properties of polymeric cation conductors and amphiphilic star polymers. United States.
Zho, Guangbin. Thu . "Synthesis and properties of polymeric cation conductors and amphiphilic star polymers". United States.
@article{osti_111321,
title = {Synthesis and properties of polymeric cation conductors and amphiphilic star polymers},
author = {Zho, Guangbin},
abstractNote = {Polymeric alkali ion conductors consisting of a comblike polysiloxane with oligo-oxyethylene side chains and pendant sulfonate groups were synthesized by the quantitative hydrosilylation of an allyl methoxy-polyethylene glycol and allyl glycidyl ether with polyhydrogenmethyl-siloxane, followed by the sulfonation of the epoxy group. The addition of Si-H is chiefly to the B-vinyl carbon and the sulfonation reaction is quantitative. DSC and conductivity measurements show that these materials are essentially amorphous and their cation conducting behavior can be interpreted by a VTF type equation. Due to the tightness of the alkali sulfonate ion pairs the conductivity of these polymers is low compared to that of dual polymer electrolytes containing LiClO{sub 4} or LiCF{sub 3}SO{sub 3} salt. However, conductivities of up to 10{sup {minus}5} S cm{sup {minus}1} at 25{degrees}C can be achieved by adding cation chelating ligands such as tetraethylene glycol. The effect of cation, temperature, ion content, glass transition temperature, and additives on the conductivity of these materials is discussed. Well-defined multifunctional isocyantes are obtained in high purity and quantitative yield by hydrosilylation of m-isopropenyl-{alpha}, {alpha}-dimethylbenzyl isocyanate (m-TMI) with cyclic and acyclic hydrogen-methylsiloxanes. The products were exclusively result from {beta}-addition of Si-H to the double bond in m-TMI. The polyisocyanates were reacted with methoxypolyethylene glycols (MPEG) and with nonlphenoxypolyethylene glycols (NPPEG) to yield amphiphilic star polymers with a precise number of arms. Amphiphilic star homopolmers made from MPEG form micelles in water. Star polymers with NPPEG arms in aqueous solutions separate into two phases of constant composition, the condensed phase being an associative network resembling a hydrogel. Surface tension, viscosities, cloud points, salt binding and solubilities were determined and compared with linear or star polymers.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/111321}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1992},
month = {12}
}

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