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Title: Some Climate Change Implications for the Navajo Nation.


Abstract not provided.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the SNL Protocol meeting with Navajo Nation held November 8, 2011 in Albuquerque, NM.
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Backus, George A. Some Climate Change Implications for the Navajo Nation.. United States: N. p., 2011. Web.
Backus, George A. Some Climate Change Implications for the Navajo Nation.. United States.
Backus, George A. Tue . "Some Climate Change Implications for the Navajo Nation.". United States. doi:.
title = {Some Climate Change Implications for the Navajo Nation.},
author = {Backus, George A.},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2011},
month = {Tue Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2011}

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  • It is widely agreed that the concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere is increasing, that this increase is a consequence of man's activities, and that there is significant risk that this will lead to changes in the earth's climate. The question is now being discussed what, if anything, we should be doing to minimize and/or adapt to changes in climate. Virtually every statement on this matter; from the US Office of Technology Assessment, to the National Academy of Science, to the Nairobi Declaration on Climatic Change, includes some recommendation for planting and protecting forests. In fact, forestry ismore » intimately involved in the climate change debate for several reasons: changing climate patterns will affect existing forests, tropical deforestation is one of the major sources of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, reforestation projects could remove additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and there is renewed interest in wood-based or other renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels. Part of the enthusiasm for forestry-related strategies in a greenhouse context is the perception that forests not only provide greenhouse benefits but also serve other desirable social objectives. This discussion will explore the current range of thinking in this area and try to stimulate additional thinking on the rationality of the forestry-based approaches and the challenges posed for US forestry.« less
  • Below the epilimnion in some lakes dense bands of phytolankton biomass of species rare or absent in the epilimnion can develop. With adequate light for photosynthesis reaching these often nutrient-rich depths and with at least a few weeks of stratification to allow time for their development, certain species become abundant from growth in place. The quantity of light and duration of stratification greatly influence these very sensitive phytoplankton conditions. Because these important environmental conditions are controlled-greatly by climate, deep-dwelling algal communities were affected by climate differences associated with elevation, in a 5-year study of 10 lakes ranging in elevation betweenmore » 2938 and 3353 m in the Medicine Bow Mountains of SE Wyoming. These results suggest that with even a slight change in climatic conditions at a given latitude and elevation, subepilimnetic phytoplankton communities in higher elevation lakes will rapidly become more like those in lower elevation lakes (warming trend), and vice versa (cooling trend).« less
  • The Navajo Indian Tribe has been described as ''a nation within a nation.'' It has been defined also as ''a sovereign dependent nation.'' Both descriptions have merit. Approximately 110,000 Navajo people own 16,000,000 acres of land. Most of the land is barren, some is covered with lush vegetation, and all of it has beauty. The Navajo Reservation's new oil development--Dineh by Keyah, ''The Peoples Field''--continues to expand. It is obviously a big strike and will get bigger. Present production is 15,000 bpd. The productive syenite sill is not the only economic target. The deeper Pennsylvanian and Devonian intervals contain commercialmore » quantities of helium gas. Good pressure information still is being obtained, and exploration continues; available figures indicate that large oil reserves in igneous rock probably are present and that increasing attention will be paid to the development of helium resources.« less
  • The Hopi Buttes volcanic field is located in the Navajo Nation of northeastern Arizona, near the southern margin of the Colorado Plateau. Explosive phreatomagmatic eruptions from late Miocene to mid-Pliocene time produced more than 300 maar-diatremes and deposited limburgite tuffs and tuff breccia and monchiquite dikes, necks and flows within a roughly circular 2,500 km[sup 2] area. The volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks make up the middle member of the Bidahochi Formation, whose lower and upper members are lacustrine and fluvial, respectively. The Bidahochi Formation overlies gently dipping Mesozoic sedimentary rocks exposed in the southwestern portion of the volcanic field. Twomore » significant gravity and magnetic anomalies appear within the Hopi Buttes volcanic field that are unlike the signatures of other Tertiary volcanic fields on the Colorado Plateau. A circular 20 mGal negative gravity anomaly is centered over exposed sedimentary rocks in the southwestern portion of the field. The anomaly may be due to the large volume of low density pyroclastic rocks in the volcanic field and/or extensive brecciation of the underlying strata from the violent maar eruptions. The second significant anomaly is the northeast-trending Holbrook lineament, a 5 km-wide gravity and magnetic lineament that crosses the southeastern part of the volcanic field. The lineament reflects substantial gravity and magnetic decreases of 1.67 mGals/km and 100 gammas/km respectively, to the southeast. Preliminary two-dimensional gravity and magnetic modeling suggests the lineament represents a major Proterozoic crustal boundary and may correlate with one of several Proterozoic faults exposed in the transition zone of central Arizona. Gravity modeling shows a 3--5 km step'' in the Moho near the crustal boundary. The decrease in depth of the Moho to the northwest indicates either movement along the fault or magmatic upwelling beneath the volcanic field.« less