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Title: Environmental Remediation Science at Beamline X26A at the National Synchrotron Light Source- Final Report

Abstract

The goal of this project was to provide support for an advanced X-ray microspectroscopy facility at the National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory. This facility is operated by the University of Chicago and the University of Kentucky. The facility is available to researchers at both institutions as well as researchers around the globe through the general user program. This facility was successfully supported during the project period. It provided access to advanced X-ray microanalysis techniques which lead to fundamental advances in understanding the behavior of contaminants and geochemistry that is applicable to environmental remediation of DOE legacy sites as well as contaminated sites around the United States and beyond.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Kentucky Research Foundation, Lexington, KY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1104662
Report Number(s):
110713
DOE Contract Number:
FG02-08ER64609
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; X-ray microprobe; Environmental Remediation; Synchrotron; Nanotechnology; Metal; Trace-element

Citation Formats

Bertsch, Paul. Environmental Remediation Science at Beamline X26A at the National Synchrotron Light Source- Final Report. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.2172/1104662.
Bertsch, Paul. Environmental Remediation Science at Beamline X26A at the National Synchrotron Light Source- Final Report. United States. doi:10.2172/1104662.
Bertsch, Paul. Thu . "Environmental Remediation Science at Beamline X26A at the National Synchrotron Light Source- Final Report". United States. doi:10.2172/1104662. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1104662.
@article{osti_1104662,
title = {Environmental Remediation Science at Beamline X26A at the National Synchrotron Light Source- Final Report},
author = {Bertsch, Paul},
abstractNote = {The goal of this project was to provide support for an advanced X-ray microspectroscopy facility at the National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory. This facility is operated by the University of Chicago and the University of Kentucky. The facility is available to researchers at both institutions as well as researchers around the globe through the general user program. This facility was successfully supported during the project period. It provided access to advanced X-ray microanalysis techniques which lead to fundamental advances in understanding the behavior of contaminants and geochemistry that is applicable to environmental remediation of DOE legacy sites as well as contaminated sites around the United States and beyond.},
doi = {10.2172/1104662},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Nov 07 00:00:00 EST 2013},
month = {Thu Nov 07 00:00:00 EST 2013}
}

Technical Report:

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  • This is the final report for DOE DE-FG02-89ER45384. An overview of the operational history and status of beamline X-11A at the end of the contract period, and a brief review of the core science program at NCSU and the scientific results of X-11A since the last progress report is also presented.
  • Since resuming x-ray operation in June of 1988 the NSLS x-ray ring has proven to be the most productive x-ray synchrotron radiation facility in the world. As it had before the shutdown of the x-ray ring, our PRT exploited the availability of this radiation to the extent that we operated more than 165 days from June, 1988 through the first quarter of 1989. The PRT has remained stable in the number of participating organizations but continues to increase the number of users and collaborators. It serves an important training function with more than 30 students and post-doctoral currently associated, withmore » the PRT and 4 dissertations produced during 1988-1989 involving work done X-11. The PRT membership and a summary of student and postdoctoral associates are given in Appendices A and B, respectively. The PRT has also actively involved general users in its programs. We are continually oversubscribed by a factor of three for requests for general user time on our beamline. A list of our general users is given in Appendix C.« less
  • The X-11 PRT continues to be one of the most active and productive groups at the NSLS. The science performed on X-11 reflects the breadth of the membership of the PRT itself. Significant studies on the high {Tc} superconductors have been reported by three groups. Other significant studies on materials included continuing leadership in multilayer and interface studies by Heald and colleagues, Budnick and colleagues and Lamble, studies of amorphous metals and semiconductors and glasses, substitutional effects in ternary and quaternary alloys, identification of an Ag{sub 4}O{sub 3} phase in silver oxide electrodes and a preliminary time resolved diffraction ofmore » solid combustion reactions by Wong. In chemistry and biology, there was continuing active work in studying corrosion, fuel cells, catalysts, redox reactions in proteins and the effects of phosphorus and other environmental factors on the core formation in ferritin. In the following, the progress in the core scientific program of Dale Sayers is listed, followed by the beamline and facility progress reports.« less
  • This report discusses three projects at the Material Science X-Ray Absorption Beamline. Topics discussed include: XAFS study of some titanium silicon and germanium compounds; initial XAS results of zirconium/silicon reactions; and low angle electron yield detector.
  • This report discusses three projects at the Material Science X-Ray Absorption Beamline. Topics discussed include: XAFS study of some titanium silicon and germanium compounds; initial XAS results of zirconium/silicon reactions; and low angle electron yield detector.