# Thermodynamic properties of CexTh1-xO2 solid solution from first-principles calculations

## Abstract

A systematic study based on first-principles calculations along with a quasi-harmonic approximation has been conducted to calculate the thermodynamic properties of the CexTh1xO2 solid solution. The predicted density, thermal expansion coefficients, heat capacity and thermal conductivity for the CexTh1xO2 solid solution all agree well with the available experimental data. The thermal expansion coefficient for ThO2 increases with CeO2 substitution, and complete substitution shows the highest expansion coefficient. On the other hand, the mixed CexTh1xO2 (0 < x < 1) solid solution generally exhibits lower heat capacity and thermal conductivity than the ThO2 and CeO2 end members. Our calculations indicate a strong effect of Ce concentration on the thermodynamic properties of the CexTh1xO2 solid solution.

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1097975

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC05-76RL01830

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Acta Materialia, 61(2):467-476

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Name: Acta Materialia, 61(2):467-476

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

### Citation Formats

```
Xiao, Haiyan Y., Zhang, Yanwen, and Weber, William J.
```*Thermodynamic properties of CexTh1-xO2 solid solution from first-principles calculations*. United States: N. p., 2012.
Web. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2012.09.050.

```
Xiao, Haiyan Y., Zhang, Yanwen, & Weber, William J.
```*Thermodynamic properties of CexTh1-xO2 solid solution from first-principles calculations*. United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2012.09.050.

```
Xiao, Haiyan Y., Zhang, Yanwen, and Weber, William J. Fri .
"Thermodynamic properties of CexTh1-xO2 solid solution from first-principles calculations". United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2012.09.050.
```

```
@article{osti_1097975,
```

title = {Thermodynamic properties of CexTh1-xO2 solid solution from first-principles calculations},

author = {Xiao, Haiyan Y. and Zhang, Yanwen and Weber, William J.},

abstractNote = {A systematic study based on first-principles calculations along with a quasi-harmonic approximation has been conducted to calculate the thermodynamic properties of the CexTh1xO2 solid solution. The predicted density, thermal expansion coefficients, heat capacity and thermal conductivity for the CexTh1xO2 solid solution all agree well with the available experimental data. The thermal expansion coefficient for ThO2 increases with CeO2 substitution, and complete substitution shows the highest expansion coefficient. On the other hand, the mixed CexTh1xO2 (0 < x < 1) solid solution generally exhibits lower heat capacity and thermal conductivity than the ThO2 and CeO2 end members. Our calculations indicate a strong effect of Ce concentration on the thermodynamic properties of the CexTh1xO2 solid solution.},

doi = {10.1016/j.actamat.2012.09.050},

journal = {Acta Materialia, 61(2):467-476},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {2012},

month = {11}

}