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Title: Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa

Abstract

Shifts in surface climate may have changed the dynamic of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in the pre-Saharan zones of North Africa. Caused by Leishmania major, this form multiplies in the body of rodents serving as reservoirs of the disease. The parasite is then transmitted to human hosts by the bite of a Phlebotomine sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) that was previously fed by biting an infected reservoir. We examine the seasonal and interannual dynamics of the incidence of this ZCL as a function of surface climate indicators in two regions covering a large area of the semi-arid Pre-Saharan North Africa. Results suggest that in this area, changes in climate may have initiated a trophic cascade that resulted in an increase in ZCL incidence.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1091430
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-97313
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(8):3172-3191
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(8):3172-3191
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Bounoua, Lahouari, Kahime, Kholoud, Houti, Leila, Blakey, Tara, Ebi, Kristie L., Zhang, Ping, Imhoff, Marc L., Thome, Kurtis, Dudek, Claire, Sahabi, Salah A., Messouli, Mohammed, Makhlouf, Baghdad, EI Laamrani, Abderahmane, and Boumezzough, Ali. Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.3390/ijerph10083172.
Bounoua, Lahouari, Kahime, Kholoud, Houti, Leila, Blakey, Tara, Ebi, Kristie L., Zhang, Ping, Imhoff, Marc L., Thome, Kurtis, Dudek, Claire, Sahabi, Salah A., Messouli, Mohammed, Makhlouf, Baghdad, EI Laamrani, Abderahmane, & Boumezzough, Ali. Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa. United States. doi:10.3390/ijerph10083172.
Bounoua, Lahouari, Kahime, Kholoud, Houti, Leila, Blakey, Tara, Ebi, Kristie L., Zhang, Ping, Imhoff, Marc L., Thome, Kurtis, Dudek, Claire, Sahabi, Salah A., Messouli, Mohammed, Makhlouf, Baghdad, EI Laamrani, Abderahmane, and Boumezzough, Ali. Tue . "Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa". United States. doi:10.3390/ijerph10083172.
@article{osti_1091430,
title = {Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa},
author = {Bounoua, Lahouari and Kahime, Kholoud and Houti, Leila and Blakey, Tara and Ebi, Kristie L. and Zhang, Ping and Imhoff, Marc L. and Thome, Kurtis and Dudek, Claire and Sahabi, Salah A. and Messouli, Mohammed and Makhlouf, Baghdad and EI Laamrani, Abderahmane and Boumezzough, Ali},
abstractNote = {Shifts in surface climate may have changed the dynamic of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in the pre-Saharan zones of North Africa. Caused by Leishmania major, this form multiplies in the body of rodents serving as reservoirs of the disease. The parasite is then transmitted to human hosts by the bite of a Phlebotomine sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) that was previously fed by biting an infected reservoir. We examine the seasonal and interannual dynamics of the incidence of this ZCL as a function of surface climate indicators in two regions covering a large area of the semi-arid Pre-Saharan North Africa. Results suggest that in this area, changes in climate may have initiated a trophic cascade that resulted in an increase in ZCL incidence.},
doi = {10.3390/ijerph10083172},
journal = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(8):3172-3191},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {8}
}