skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Neutron-Rich Isotope Production Using a Uranium Carbide Carbon Nanotubes SPES Target Prototype

Abstract

The SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) project, under development at the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (INFN-LNL), is a new-generation Isotope Separation On-Line (ISOL) facility for the production of radioactive ion beams by means of the proton-induced fission of uranium. In the framework of the research on the SPES target, seven uranium carbide discs, obtained by reacting uranium oxide with graphite and carbon nanotubes, were irradiated with protons at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In the following, the yields of several fission products obtained during the experiment are presented and discussed. The experimental results are then compared to those obtained using a standard uranium carbide target. The reported data highlights the capability of the new type of SPES target to produce and release isotopes of interest for the nuclear physics community.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. ORNL
  2. INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Italy
  3. Universita degli Studi di Padova (University of Padua), Italy
  4. University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1090532
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Corradetti, Stefano, Biasetto, Lisa, Manzolaro, Mattia, Scarpa, Daniele, Carturan, S., Andrighetto, Alberto, Prete, Gianfranco, Vasquez, Jose, Zanonato, P., Colombo, P., Jost, Carola, and Stracener, Dan. Neutron-Rich Isotope Production Using a Uranium Carbide Carbon Nanotubes SPES Target Prototype. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1140/epja/i2013-13056-1.
Corradetti, Stefano, Biasetto, Lisa, Manzolaro, Mattia, Scarpa, Daniele, Carturan, S., Andrighetto, Alberto, Prete, Gianfranco, Vasquez, Jose, Zanonato, P., Colombo, P., Jost, Carola, & Stracener, Dan. Neutron-Rich Isotope Production Using a Uranium Carbide Carbon Nanotubes SPES Target Prototype. United States. doi:10.1140/epja/i2013-13056-1.
Corradetti, Stefano, Biasetto, Lisa, Manzolaro, Mattia, Scarpa, Daniele, Carturan, S., Andrighetto, Alberto, Prete, Gianfranco, Vasquez, Jose, Zanonato, P., Colombo, P., Jost, Carola, and Stracener, Dan. Wed . "Neutron-Rich Isotope Production Using a Uranium Carbide Carbon Nanotubes SPES Target Prototype". United States. doi:10.1140/epja/i2013-13056-1.
@article{osti_1090532,
title = {Neutron-Rich Isotope Production Using a Uranium Carbide Carbon Nanotubes SPES Target Prototype},
author = {Corradetti, Stefano and Biasetto, Lisa and Manzolaro, Mattia and Scarpa, Daniele and Carturan, S. and Andrighetto, Alberto and Prete, Gianfranco and Vasquez, Jose and Zanonato, P. and Colombo, P. and Jost, Carola and Stracener, Dan},
abstractNote = {The SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) project, under development at the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (INFN-LNL), is a new-generation Isotope Separation On-Line (ISOL) facility for the production of radioactive ion beams by means of the proton-induced fission of uranium. In the framework of the research on the SPES target, seven uranium carbide discs, obtained by reacting uranium oxide with graphite and carbon nanotubes, were irradiated with protons at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In the following, the yields of several fission products obtained during the experiment are presented and discussed. The experimental results are then compared to those obtained using a standard uranium carbide target. The reported data highlights the capability of the new type of SPES target to produce and release isotopes of interest for the nuclear physics community.},
doi = {10.1140/epja/i2013-13056-1},
journal = {European Physical Journal. A},
issn = {1434-6001},
number = 5,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {5}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Physics with Reaccelerated ISOL Beams
journal, February 2010


The SPES multi-foil direct target
journal, October 2008

  • Andrighetto, A.; Biasetto, L.; Manzolaro, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 266, Issue 19-20
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2008.05.134

Multifoil UCx target for the SPES project --An update
journal, December 2006

  • Andrighetto, A.; Antonucci, C. M.; Cevolani, S.
  • The European Physical Journal A, Vol. 30, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1140/epja/i2006-10144-3

Production of high-intensity RIB at SPES
journal, March 2010


ISAC target operation with high proton currents
journal, May 2003

  • Dombsky, M.; Bricault, P.; Schmor, P.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 204
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(02)01902-X

Design of high-power ISOL targets for radioactive ion beam generation
journal, March 2004

  • Zhang, Y.; Alton, G. D.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 521, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2003.11.419

Use of refractory oxides, carbides and borides as targets for on-line mass separation
journal, May 1987

  • Ravn, H. L.; Bjørnstad, T.; Hoff, P.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 26, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-583X(87)90748-8

Characterization studies of prototype ISOL targets for the RIA
journal, December 2005

  • Greene, John P.; Burtseva, Tatiana; Neubauer, Janelle
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 241, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2005.07.182

Lanthanum carbide-based porous materials from carburization of lanthanum oxide and lanthanum oxalate mixtures
journal, August 2008


Fabrication of mesoporous and high specific surface area lanthanum carbide–carbon nanotube composites
journal, April 2009


Effect of Surface Porosity on Emittance of an Opaque Substance
journal, April 1969


Developing uranium dicarbide–graphite porous materials for the SPES project
journal, September 2010


Heterostructures of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Carbide Nanorods
journal, September 1999


Study on poly(methyl methacrylate)/carbon nanotube composites
journal, November 1999


Direct observation of toughening mechanisms in carbon nanotube ceramic matrix composites
journal, February 2004


SiC-coated carbon nanotubes and their application as reinforcements for cemented carbides
journal, September 2004


Neutron-rich isotope production using the uranium carbide multi-foil SPES target prototype
journal, March 2011


Emissivity measurements of opaque gray bodies up to 2000 °C by a dual-frequency pyrometer
journal, November 2008


An off-line method to characterize the fission product release from uranium carbide-target prototypes developed for SPIRAL2 project
journal, October 2012

  • Hy, B.; Barré-Boscher, N.; Özgümüs, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 288
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2012.04.031

Development of the HRIBF 25-MV tandem accelerator as a RIB accelerator
journal, November 1996

  • Meigs, M. J.; Haynes, D. L.; Jones, C. M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 382, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(96)00390-7

ISOL science at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility
journal, January 2011

  • Beene, J. R.; Bardayan, D. W.; Galindo Uribarri, A.
  • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/38/2/024002

A new concept for a compact tape transport system
journal, July 1981

  • Mlekodaj, R. L.; Zganjar, E. F.; Cole, J. D.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Vol. 186, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0029-554X(81)90911-3

First on-line results for As and F beams from HRIBF target/ion sources
journal, April 1997

  • Carter, H. K.; Kormicki, J.; Stracener, D. W.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 126, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(96)01087-7

Temperature dependence of yields from multi-foil SPES target
journal, October 2011


Calculations and first results obtained with a SiC prototype of the SPES direct target
journal, October 2008

  • Barbui, M.; Andrighetto, A.; Antonucci, C.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 266, Issue 19-20
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2008.05.049

Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 92
journal, November 2000


Absolute branching intensities in the decay of Rb 92 to Sr 92
journal, July 2006


Investigation of the release properties of MeCx targets at IRIS
journal, April 1997

  • Barzakh, A. E.; Besnosjuck, V. I.; Chubukov, I. Ya.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 126, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(97)01083-5