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Title: Functional Requirements for Information Resource Provenance on the Web

Abstract

We provide a means to formally explain the relationship between HTTP URLs and the representations returned when they are requested. According to existing World Wide Web architecture, the URL serves as an identier for a semiotic referent while the document returned via HTTP serves as a representation of the same referent. This begins with two sides of a semiotic triangle; the third side is the relationship between the URL and the representation received. We complete this description by extending the library science resource model Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Resources (FRBR) with cryptographic message and content digests to create a Functional Requirements for Information Resources (FRIR). We show how applying the FRIR model to HTTP GET and POST transactions disambiguates the many relationships between a given URL and all representations received from its request, provides fine-grained explanations that are complementary to existing explanations of web resources, and integrates easily into the emerging W3C provenance standard.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1089087
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-86703
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7525:52-66
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7525:52-66
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
World Wide Web; Information Resources; Data Management

Citation Formats

McCusker, James P., Lebo, Timothy, Graves, Alvaro, Difranzo, Dominic, Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo, and McGuinness, Deborah L. Functional Requirements for Information Resource Provenance on the Web. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34222-6.
McCusker, James P., Lebo, Timothy, Graves, Alvaro, Difranzo, Dominic, Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo, & McGuinness, Deborah L. Functional Requirements for Information Resource Provenance on the Web. United States. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34222-6.
McCusker, James P., Lebo, Timothy, Graves, Alvaro, Difranzo, Dominic, Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo, and McGuinness, Deborah L. Tue . "Functional Requirements for Information Resource Provenance on the Web". United States. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34222-6.
@article{osti_1089087,
title = {Functional Requirements for Information Resource Provenance on the Web},
author = {McCusker, James P. and Lebo, Timothy and Graves, Alvaro and Difranzo, Dominic and Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo and McGuinness, Deborah L.},
abstractNote = {We provide a means to formally explain the relationship between HTTP URLs and the representations returned when they are requested. According to existing World Wide Web architecture, the URL serves as an identier for a semiotic referent while the document returned via HTTP serves as a representation of the same referent. This begins with two sides of a semiotic triangle; the third side is the relationship between the URL and the representation received. We complete this description by extending the library science resource model Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Resources (FRBR) with cryptographic message and content digests to create a Functional Requirements for Information Resources (FRIR). We show how applying the FRIR model to HTTP GET and POST transactions disambiguates the many relationships between a given URL and all representations received from its request, provides fine-grained explanations that are complementary to existing explanations of web resources, and integrates easily into the emerging W3C provenance standard.},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-34222-6},
journal = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7525:52-66},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {6}
}